Adrien Barton
Arnaud Rosier
Jean-François Ethier
Paul Fabry
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Cardio Vascular Disease Ontology
CVDO is an ontology of cardiovascular diseases structured on OBO foundry’s principle and based on BFO. CVDO reorganizes and completes DOID cardiovascular diseases following OGMS tripartite model of disease, and builds its taxonomy of diseases largely by automatic reasoning.
2024-05-17
Relates an entity in the ontology to the name of the variable that is used to represent it in the code that generates the BFO OWL file from the lispy specification.
Really of interest to developers only
BFO OWL specification label
Relates an entity in the ontology to the term that is used to represent it in the the CLIF specification of BFO2
Person:Alan Ruttenberg
Really of interest to developers only
BFO CLIF specification label
This annotation property is created temporarily for better visibility of the distinction between DOID definitions and updated CVDO definition (when a DOID definition of a class did not need to be changed, no additional CVDO definition was included). Ultimately, 'CVDO definition' annotation properties should be replaced by 'definition' annotation properties.
CVDO definition
This annotation property is created temporarily for better visibility of the CVDO notes, in particular those that concern DOID classes. Ultimately, 'CVDO editor note' annotation properties should be replaced by 'editor note' annotation properties, or removed.
CVDO editor note
editor preferred term
The concise, meaningful, and human-friendly name for a class or property preferred by the ontology developers. (US-English)
PERSON:Daniel Schober
GROUP:OBI:<http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/obi>
editor preferred term
example of usage
has curation status
PERSON:Alan Ruttenberg
PERSON:Bill Bug
PERSON:Melanie Courtot
OBI_0000281
has curation status
definition
The official definition, explaining the meaning of a class or property. Shall be Aristotelian, formalized and normalized. Can be augmented with colloquial definitions.
PERSON:Daniel Schober
GROUP:OBI:<http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/obi>
definition
definition
editor note
An administrative note intended for its editor. It may not be included in the publication version of the ontology, so it should contain nothing necessary for end users to understand the ontology.
PERSON:Daniel Schober
GROUP:OBI:<http://purl.obfoundry.org/obo/obi>
editor note
editor note
definition editor
Name of editor entering the definition in the file. The definition editor is a point of contact for information regarding the term. The definition editor may be, but is not always, the author of the definition, which may have been worked upon by several people
PERSON:Daniel Schober
GROUP:OBI:<http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/obi>
definition editor
definition editor
term editor
alternative term
definition source
formal citation, e.g. identifier in external database to indicate / attribute source(s) for the definition. Free text indicate / attribute source(s) for the definition. EXAMPLE: Author Name, URI, MeSH Term C04, PUBMED ID, Wiki uri on 31.01.2007
PERSON:Daniel Schober
GROUP:OBI:<http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/obi>
Discussion on obo-discuss mailing-list, see http://bit.ly/hgm99w
definition source
definition source
curator note
An administrative note of use for a curator but of no use for a user
PERSON:Alan Ruttenberg
curator note
curator note
imported from
elucidation
has associated axiom(nl)
has associated axiom(fol)
has axiom label
gram-positive bacterial infectious disease
subset_property
has_alternative_id
database_cross_reference
has_exact_synonym
has_obo_namespace
has_related_synonym
in_subset
inheres-in_at
inheresInAt
b inheres_in c at t =Def. b is a dependent continuant & c is an independent continuant that is not a spatial region & b s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [051-002])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'inheres in at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'inheres in@en(x,y,t)'.
BFO 2 Reference: Inherence is a subrelation of s-depends_on which holds between a dependent continuant and an independent continuant that is not a spatial region. Since dependent continuants cannot migrate from one independent continuant bearer to another, it follows that if b s-depends_on independent continuant c at some time, then b s-depends_on c at all times at which a exists. Inherence is in this sense redundantly time-indexed.For example, consider the particular instance of openness inhering in my mouth at t as I prepare to take a bite out of a donut, followed by a closedness at t+1 when I bite the donut and start chewing. The openness instance is then shortlived, and to say that it s-depends_on my mouth at all times at which this openness exists, means: at all times during this short life. Every time you make a fist, you make a new (instance of the universal) fist. (Every time your hand has the fist-shaped quality, there is created a new instance of the universal fist-shaped quality.)
BFO2 Reference: independent continuant that is not a spatial region
BFO2 Reference: specifically dependent continuant
(iff (inheresInAt a b t) (and (DependentContinuant a) (IndependentContinuant b) (not (SpatialRegion b)) (specificallyDependsOnAt a b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [051-002]
inheres in at all times
b inheres_in c at t =Def. b is a dependent continuant & c is an independent continuant that is not a spatial region & b s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [051-002])
(iff (inheresInAt a b t) (and (DependentContinuant a) (IndependentContinuant b) (not (SpatialRegion b)) (specificallyDependsOnAt a b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [051-002]
bearer-of_st
bearerOfAt
b bearer_of c at t =Def. c s-depends_on b at t & b is an independent continuant that is not a spatial region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [053-004])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'bearer of at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'bearer of@en'(x,y,t)
BFO2 Reference: independent continuant that is not a spatial region
BFO2 Reference: specifically dependent continuant
(iff (bearerOfAt a b t) (and (specificallyDependsOnAt b a t) (IndependentContinuant a) (not (SpatialRegion a)) (existsAt b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [053-004]
bearer of at some time
b bearer_of c at t =Def. c s-depends_on b at t & b is an independent continuant that is not a spatial region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [053-004])
(iff (bearerOfAt a b t) (and (specificallyDependsOnAt b a t) (IndependentContinuant a) (not (SpatialRegion a)) (existsAt b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [053-004]
realized-in
realizedIn
[copied from inverse property 'realizes'] to say that b realizes c at t is to assert that there is some material entity d & b is a process which has participant d at t & c is a disposition or role of which d is bearer_of at t& the type instantiated by b is correlated with the type instantiated by c. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [059-003])
if a realizable entity b is realized in a process p, then p stands in the has_participant relation to the bearer of b. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [106-002])
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (RealizableEntity x) (Process y) (realizesAt y x t) (bearerOfAt z x t)) (hasParticipantAt y z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [106-002]
realized in
if a realizable entity b is realized in a process p, then p stands in the has_participant relation to the bearer of b. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [106-002])
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (RealizableEntity x) (Process y) (realizesAt y x t) (bearerOfAt z x t)) (hasParticipantAt y z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [106-002]
realizes
realizes
to say that b realizes c at t is to assert that there is some material entity d & b is a process which has participant d at t & c is a disposition or role of which d is bearer_of at t& the type instantiated by b is correlated with the type instantiated by c. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [059-003])
(forall (x y t) (if (realizesAt x y t) (and (Process x) (or (Disposition y) (Role y)) (exists (z) (and (MaterialEntity z) (hasParticipantAt x z t) (bearerOfAt z y t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [059-003]
realizes
to say that b realizes c at t is to assert that there is some material entity d & b is a process which has participant d at t & c is a disposition or role of which d is bearer_of at t& the type instantiated by b is correlated with the type instantiated by c. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [059-003])
(forall (x y t) (if (realizesAt x y t) (and (Process x) (or (Disposition y) (Role y)) (exists (z) (and (MaterialEntity z) (hasParticipantAt x z t) (bearerOfAt z y t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [059-003]
participates-in_st
participatesInAt
[copied from inverse property 'has participant at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has participant at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'has participant@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'has participant at some time'] BFO 2 Reference: Spatial regions do not participate in processes.
[copied from inverse property 'has participant at some time'] BFO2 Reference: independent continuant that is not a spatial region, specifically dependent continuant, generically dependent continuant
[copied from inverse property 'has participant at some time'] BFO2 Reference: process
[copied from inverse property 'has participant at some time'] has_participant is an instance-level relation between a process, a continuant, and a temporal region at which the continuant participates in some way in the process. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [086-003])
participates in at some time
has-participant_st
hasParticipantAt
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has participant at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'has participant@en'(x,y,t)
BFO 2 Reference: Spatial regions do not participate in processes.
BFO2 Reference: independent continuant that is not a spatial region, specifically dependent continuant, generically dependent continuant
BFO2 Reference: process
has_participant is an instance-level relation between a process, a continuant, and a temporal region at which the continuant participates in some way in the process. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [086-003])
if b has_participant c at t & c is a generically dependent continuant, then there is some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, and which is such that c g-depends on d at t & b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [091-003])
if b has_participant c at t & c is a specifically dependent continuant, then there is some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, c s-depends_on d at t & b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [090-003])
if b has_participant c at t then b is an occurrent. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [087-001])
if b has_participant c at t then c exists at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [089-001])
if b has_participant c at t then c is a continuant. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [088-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (hasParticipantAt x y t) (GenericallyDependentContinuant y)) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (genericallyDependsOn y z t) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [091-003]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (hasParticipantAt x y t) (SpecificallyDependentContinuant y)) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t) (specificallyDependsOnAt y z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [090-003]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (Continuant y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [088-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (Occurrent x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [087-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (existsAt y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [089-001]
has participant at some time
has_participant is an instance-level relation between a process, a continuant, and a temporal region at which the continuant participates in some way in the process. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [086-003])
if b has_participant c at t & c is a generically dependent continuant, then there is some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, and which is such that c g-depends on d at t & b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [091-003])
if b has_participant c at t & c is a specifically dependent continuant, then there is some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, c s-depends_on d at t & b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [090-003])
if b has_participant c at t then b is an occurrent. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [087-001])
if b has_participant c at t then c exists at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [089-001])
if b has_participant c at t then c is a continuant. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [088-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (hasParticipantAt x y t) (GenericallyDependentContinuant y)) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (genericallyDependsOn y z t) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [091-003]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (hasParticipantAt x y t) (SpecificallyDependentContinuant y)) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t) (specificallyDependsOnAt y z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [090-003]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (Continuant y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [088-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (Occurrent x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [087-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (existsAt y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [089-001]
concretized-by_st
[copied from inverse property 'concretizes at some time'] You may concretize a piece of software by installing it in your computer
[copied from inverse property 'concretizes at some time'] You may concretize a recipe that you find in a cookbook by turning it into a plan which exists as a realizable dependent continuant in your head.
[copied from inverse property 'concretizes at some time'] you may concretize a poem as a pattern of memory traces in your head
[copied from inverse property 'concretizes at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'concretizes at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'concretizes@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'concretizes at some time'] b concretizes c at t means: b is a specifically dependent continuant & c is a generically dependent continuant & for some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, b s-depends_on d at t & c g-depends on d at t & if c migrates from bearer d to another bearer e than a copy of b will be created in e. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [075-002])
concretized by at some time
concretizes_st
concretizesAt
You may concretize a piece of software by installing it in your computer
You may concretize a recipe that you find in a cookbook by turning it into a plan which exists as a realizable dependent continuant in your head.
you may concretize a poem as a pattern of memory traces in your head
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'concretizes at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'concretizes@en'(x,y,t)
b concretizes c at t means: b is a specifically dependent continuant & c is a generically dependent continuant & for some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, b s-depends_on d at t & c g-depends on d at t & if c migrates from bearer d to another bearer e than a copy of b will be created in e. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [075-002])
if b g-depends on c at some time t, then there is some d, such that d concretizes b at t and d s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [076-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (concretizesAt x y t) (and (SpecificallyDependentContinuant x) (GenericallyDependentContinuant y) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t) (genericallyDependsOnAt y z t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [075-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (genericallyDependsOnAt x y t) (exists (z) (and (concretizesAt z x t) (specificallyDependsOnAt z y t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [076-001]
concretizes at some time
b concretizes c at t means: b is a specifically dependent continuant & c is a generically dependent continuant & for some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, b s-depends_on d at t & c g-depends on d at t & if c migrates from bearer d to another bearer e than a copy of b will be created in e. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [075-002])
if b g-depends on c at some time t, then there is some d, such that d concretizes b at t and d s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [076-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (concretizesAt x y t) (and (SpecificallyDependentContinuant x) (GenericallyDependentContinuant y) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t) (genericallyDependsOnAt y z t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [075-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (genericallyDependsOnAt x y t) (exists (z) (and (concretizesAt z x t) (specificallyDependsOnAt z y t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [076-001]
occurs-in
occursIn
CVDO adds the property chain that if A occurs_in B and B located_in_at_all_times C, then A occurs_in C. This is used for a few inferences in the ontology, but CVDO can be used without problem without this property chain.
b occurs_in c =def b is a process and c is a material entity or immaterial entity& there exists a spatiotemporal region r and b occupies_spatiotemporal_region r.& forall(t) if b exists_at t then c exists_at t & there exist spatial regions s and s’ where & b spatially_projects_onto s at t& c is occupies_spatial_region s’ at t& s is a proper_continuant_part_of s’ at t [XXX-001
occurs in
contains-process
containsProcess
[copied from inverse property 'occurs in'] b occurs_in c =def b is a process and c is a material entity or immaterial entity& there exists a spatiotemporal region r and b occupies_spatiotemporal_region r.& forall(t) if b exists_at t then c exists_at t & there exist spatial regions s and s’ where & b spatially_projects_onto s at t& c is occupies_spatial_region s’ at t& s is a proper_continuant_part_of s’ at t [XXX-001
contains process
s-depends-on_at
specificallyDependsOn
A pain s-depends_on the organism that is experiencing the pain
a gait s-depends_on the walking object. (All at some specific time.)
a shape s-depends_on the shaped object
one-sided s-dependence of a dependent continuant on an independent continuant: an instance of headache s-depends_on some head
one-sided s-dependence of a dependent continuant on an independent continuant: an instance of temperature s-depends_on some organism
one-sided s-dependence of a process on something: a process of cell death s-depends_on a cell
one-sided s-dependence of a process on something: an instance of seeing (a relational process) s-depends_on some organism and on some seen entity, which may be an occurrent or a continuant
one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on another: a process of answering a question is dependent on a prior process of asking a question
one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on another: a process of obeying a command is dependent on a prior process of issuing a command
one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on multiple independent continuants: a relational process of hitting a ball with a cricket bat
one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on multiple independent continuants: a relational process of paying cash to a merchant in exchange for a bag of figs
reciprocal s-dependence between occurrents: a process of buying and the associated process of selling
reciprocal s-dependence between occurrents: a process of increasing the volume of a portion of gas while temperature remains constant and the associated process of decreasing the pressure exerted by the gas
reciprocal s-dependence between occurrents: in a game of chess the process of playing with the white pieces is mutually dependent on the process of playing with the black pieces
the one-sided dependence of an occurrent on an independent continuant: football match on the players, the ground, the ball
the one-sided dependence of an occurrent on an independent continuant: handwave on a hand
the three-sided reciprocal s-dependence of the hue, saturation and brightness of a color [45
the three-sided reciprocal s-dependence of the pitch, timbre and volume of a tone [45
the two-sided reciprocal s-dependence of the roles of husband and wife [20
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'specifically depends on at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'specifically depends on@en(x,y,t)'.
BFO 2 Reference: An entity – for example an act of communication or a game of football – can s-depends_on more than one entity. Complex phenomena for example in the psychological and social realms (such as inferring, commanding and requesting) or in the realm of multi-organismal biological processes (such as infection and resistance), will involve multiple families of dependence relations, involving both continuants and occurrents [1, 4, 28
BFO 2 Reference: S-dependence is just one type of dependence among many; it is what, in the literature, is referred to as ‘existential dependence’ [87, 46, 65, 20
BFO 2 Reference: the relation of s-depends_on does not in every case require simultaneous existence of its relata. Note the difference between such cases and the cases of continuant universals defined historically: the act of answering depends existentially on the prior act of questioning; the human being who was baptized or who answered a question does not himself depend existentially on the prior act of baptism or answering. He would still exist even if these acts had never taken place.
BFO2 Reference: specifically dependent continuant\; process; process boundary
To say that b s-depends_on a at t is to say that b and c do not share common parts & b is of its nature such that it cannot exist unless c exists & b is not a boundary of c and b is not a site of which c is the host [64
If b is s-depends_on something at some time, then b is not a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [052-001])
If b s-depends_on something at t, then there is some c, which is an independent continuant and not a spatial region, such that b s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [136-001])
If occurrent b s-depends_on some independent continuant c at t, then b s-depends_on c at every time at which b exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [015-002])
an entity does not s-depend_on any of its (continuant or occurrent) parts or on anything it is part of. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [013-002])
if b s-depends_on c at t & c s-depends_on d at t then b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [054-002])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (Entity x) (or (continuantPartOfAt y x t) (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (occurrentPartOf x y) (occurrentPartOf y x))) (not (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [013-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (Occurrent x) (IndependentContinuant y) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)) (forall (t_1) (if (existsAt x t_1) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t_1))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [015-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [136-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t) (specificallyDependsOnAt y z t)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [054-002]
(forall (x) (if (exists (y t) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)) (not (MaterialEntity x)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [052-001]
specifically depends on at all times
If b is s-depends_on something at some time, then b is not a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [052-001])
If b s-depends_on something at t, then there is some c, which is an independent continuant and not a spatial region, such that b s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [136-001])
If occurrent b s-depends_on some independent continuant c at t, then b s-depends_on c at every time at which b exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [015-002])
an entity does not s-depend_on any of its (continuant or occurrent) parts or on anything it is part of. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [013-002])
if b s-depends_on c at t & c s-depends_on d at t then b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [054-002])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (Entity x) (or (continuantPartOfAt y x t) (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (occurrentPartOf x y) (occurrentPartOf y x))) (not (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [013-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (Occurrent x) (IndependentContinuant y) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)) (forall (t_1) (if (existsAt x t_1) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t_1))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [015-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [136-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t) (specificallyDependsOnAt y z t)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [054-002]
(forall (x) (if (exists (y t) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)) (not (MaterialEntity x)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [052-001]
f-of_at
functionOfAt
a function_of b at t =Def. a is a function and a inheres_in b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [067-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'function of at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'function of@en(x,y,t)'.
(iff (functionOf a b t) (and (Function a) (inheresInAt a b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [067-001]
function of at all times
a function_of b at t =Def. a is a function and a inheres_in b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [067-001])
(iff (functionOf a b t) (and (Function a) (inheresInAt a b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [067-001]
q-of_at
qualityOfAt
b quality_of c at t = Def. b is a quality & c is an independent continuant that is not a spatial region & b s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [056-002])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'quality of at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'quality of@en(x,y,t)'.
(iff (qualityOfAt a b t) (and (Quality a) (IndependentContinuant b) (not (SpatialRegion b)) (specificallyDependsOnAt a b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [056-002]
quality of at all times
b quality_of c at t = Def. b is a quality & c is an independent continuant that is not a spatial region & b s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [056-002])
(iff (qualityOfAt a b t) (and (Quality a) (IndependentContinuant b) (not (SpatialRegion b)) (specificallyDependsOnAt a b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [056-002]
r-of_at
roleOfAt
a role_of b at t =Def. a is a role and a inheres_in b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [065-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'role of at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'role of@en(x,y,t)'.
(iff (roleOfAt a b t) (and (Role a) (inheresInAt a b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [065-001]
role of at all times
a role_of b at t =Def. a is a role and a inheres_in b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [065-001])
(iff (roleOfAt a b t) (and (Role a) (inheresInAt a b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [065-001]
located-in_at
locatedInAt
Mary located_in Salzburg
the Empire State Building located_in New York.
this portion of cocaine located_in this portion of blood
this stem cell located_in this portion of bone marrow
your arm located_in your body
b located_in c at t = Def. b and c are independent continuants, and the region at which b is located at t is a (proper or improper) continuant_part_of the region at which c is located at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [045-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'located in at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'located in@en(x,y,t)'.
BFO2 Reference: independent continuant
Located_in is transitive. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [046-001])
for all independent continuants b, c, and d: if b continuant_part_of c at t & c located_in d at t, then b located_in d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [048-001])
for all independent continuants b, c, and d: if b located_in c at t & c continuant_part_of d at t, then b located_in d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [049-001])
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (IndependentContinuant x) (IndependentContinuant y) (IndependentContinuant z) (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (locatedInAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [048-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (IndependentContinuant x) (IndependentContinuant y) (IndependentContinuant z) (locatedInAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [049-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (locatedInAt x y t) (locatedInAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [046-001]
(iff (locatedInAt a b t) (and (IndependentContinuant a) (IndependentContinuant b) (exists (r_1 r_2) (and (occupiesSpatialRegionAt a r_1 t) (occupiesSpatialRegionAt b r_2 t) (continuantPartOfAt r_1 r_2 t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [045-001]
located in at all times
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (IndependentContinuant x) (IndependentContinuant y) (IndependentContinuant z) (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (locatedInAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [048-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (IndependentContinuant x) (IndependentContinuant y) (IndependentContinuant z) (locatedInAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [049-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (locatedInAt x y t) (locatedInAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [046-001]
(iff (locatedInAt a b t) (and (IndependentContinuant a) (IndependentContinuant b) (exists (r_1 r_2) (and (occupiesSpatialRegionAt a r_1 t) (occupiesSpatialRegionAt b r_2 t) (continuantPartOfAt r_1 r_2 t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [045-001]
b located_in c at t = Def. b and c are independent continuants, and the region at which b is located at t is a (proper or improper) continuant_part_of the region at which c is located at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [045-001])
Located_in is transitive. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [046-001])
for all independent continuants b, c, and d: if b continuant_part_of c at t & c located_in d at t, then b located_in d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [048-001])
for all independent continuants b, c, and d: if b located_in c at t & c continuant_part_of d at t, then b located_in d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [049-001])
located-at-r_st
occupiesSpatialRegionAt
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'occupies spatial region at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'occupies spatial region@en'(x,y,t)
BFO2 Reference: independent continuant
BFO2 Reference: spatial region
b occupies_spatial_region r at t means that r is a spatial region in which independent continuant b is exactly located (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [041-002])
every region r is occupies_spatial_region r at all times. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [042-002])
if b occupies_spatial_region r at t & b continuant_part_of b at t, then there is some r which is continuant_part_of r at t such that b occupies_spatial_region r at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [043-001])
(forall (r t) (if (Region r) (occupiesSpatialRegionAt r r t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [042-002]
(forall (x r t) (if (occupiesSpatialRegionAt x r t) (and (SpatialRegion r) (IndependentContinuant x)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [041-002]
(forall (x y r_1 t) (if (and (occupiesSpatialRegionAt x r_1 t) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)) (exists (r_2) (and (continuantPartOfAt r_2 r_1 t) (occupiesSpatialRegionAt y r_2 t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [043-001]
occupies spatial region at some time
b occupies_spatial_region r at t means that r is a spatial region in which independent continuant b is exactly located (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [041-002])
every region r is occupies_spatial_region r at all times. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [042-002])
if b occupies_spatial_region r at t & b continuant_part_of b at t, then there is some r which is continuant_part_of r at t such that b occupies_spatial_region r at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [043-001])
(forall (r t) (if (Region r) (occupiesSpatialRegionAt r r t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [042-002]
(forall (x r t) (if (occupiesSpatialRegionAt x r t) (and (SpatialRegion r) (IndependentContinuant x)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [041-002]
(forall (x y r_1 t) (if (and (occupiesSpatialRegionAt x r_1 t) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)) (exists (r_2) (and (continuantPartOfAt r_2 r_1 t) (occupiesSpatialRegionAt y r_2 t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [043-001]
g-depends-on_st
genericallyDependsOn
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'generically depends on at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'generically depends on@en'(x,y,t)
BFO2 Reference: generically dependent continuant
BFO2 Reference: independent continuant
b g-depends on c at t1 means: b exists at t1 and c exists at t1 & for some type B it holds that (c instantiates B at t1) & necessarily, for all t (if b exists at t then some instance_of B exists at t) & not (b s-depends_on c at t1). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [072-002])
if b g-depends_on c at some time t, then b g-depends_on something at all times at which b exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [073-001])
(forall (x y) (if (exists (t) (genericallyDependsOnAt x y t)) (forall (t_1) (if (existsAt x t_1) (exists (z) (genericallyDependsOnAt x z t_1)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [073-001]
generically depends on at some time
b g-depends on c at t1 means: b exists at t1 and c exists at t1 & for some type B it holds that (c instantiates B at t1) & necessarily, for all t (if b exists at t then some instance_of B exists at t) & not (b s-depends_on c at t1). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [072-002])
if b g-depends_on c at some time t, then b g-depends_on something at all times at which b exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [073-001])
(forall (x y) (if (exists (t) (genericallyDependsOnAt x y t)) (forall (t_1) (if (existsAt x t_1) (exists (z) (genericallyDependsOnAt x z t_1)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [073-001]
has-f_st
hasFunctionAt
a has_function b at t =Def. b function_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [070-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has function at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'has function@en'(x,y,t)
(iff (hasFunctionAt a b t) (functionOf b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [070-001]
has function at some time
a has_function b at t =Def. b function_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [070-001])
(iff (hasFunctionAt a b t) (functionOf b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [070-001]
has-q_st
has quality at some time
has-r_st
hasRoleAt
a has_role b at t =Def. b role_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [068-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has role at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'has role@en'(x,y,t)
(iff (hasRoleAt a b t) (roleOfAt b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [068-001]
has role at some time
a has_role b at t =Def. b role_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [068-001])
(iff (hasRoleAt a b t) (roleOfAt b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [068-001]
has-g-dep_st
[copied from inverse property 'generically depends on at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'generically depends on at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'generically depends on@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'generically depends on at some time'] BFO2 Reference: generically dependent continuant
[copied from inverse property 'generically depends on at some time'] BFO2 Reference: independent continuant
[copied from inverse property 'generically depends on at some time'] b g-depends on c at t1 means: b exists at t1 and c exists at t1 & for some type B it holds that (c instantiates B at t1) & necessarily, for all t (if b exists at t then some instance_of B exists at t) & not (b s-depends_on c at t1). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [072-002])
has generic dependent at some time
d-of_at
dispositionOfAt
a disposition_of b at t =Def. a is a disposition and a inheres_in b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [066-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'disposition of at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'disposition of@en(x,y,t)'.
(iff (dispositionOf a b t) (and (Disposition a) (inheresInAt a b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [066-001]
disposition of at all times
a disposition_of b at t =Def. a is a disposition and a inheres_in b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [066-001])
(iff (dispositionOf a b t) (and (Disposition a) (inheresInAt a b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [066-001]
exists-at
existsAt
BFO2 Reference: entity
BFO2 Reference: temporal region
b exists_at t means: b is an entity which exists at some temporal region t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [118-002])
exists at
b exists_at t means: b is an entity which exists at some temporal region t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [118-002])
c-has-part_at
hasContinuantPartAt
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at all times that whole exists'] forall(t) exists_at(y,t) -> exists_at(x,t) and 'part of continuant'(x,y,t)
b has_continuant_part c at t = Def. c continuant_part_of b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [006-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has continuant part at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'has continuant part@en(x,y,t)'.
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at all times that whole exists'] This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. Unlike the rest of the temporalized relations which temporally quantify over existence of the subject of the relation, this relation temporally quantifies over the existence of the object of the relation. The relation is provided tentatively, to assess whether the GO needs such a relation. It is inverse of 'has continuant part at all times'
(iff (hasContinuantPartAt a b t) (continuantPartOfAt b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [006-001]
has continuant part at all times
b has_continuant_part c at t = Def. c continuant_part_of b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [006-001])
(iff (hasContinuantPartAt a b t) (continuantPartOfAt b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [006-001]
c-has-ppart_at
hasProperContinuantPartAt
b has_proper_continuant_part c at t = Def. c proper_continuant_part_of b at t. [XXX-001
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has proper continuant part at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'has proper continuant part@en(x,y,t)'.
has proper continuant part at all times
has-d_st
hasDispositionAt
a has_disposition b at t =Def. b disposition_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [069-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has disposition at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'has disposition@en'(x,y,t)
(iff (hasDispositionAt a b t) (dispositionOf b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [069-001]
has disposition at some time
a has_disposition b at t =Def. b disposition_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [069-001])
(iff (hasDispositionAt a b t) (dispositionOf b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [069-001]
has-material-basis_at
hasMaterialBasisAt
the material basis of John’s disposition to cough is the viral infection in John’s upper respiratory tract
the material basis of the disposition to wear unevenly of John’s tires is the worn suspension of his car.
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has material basis at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'has material basis@en(x,y,t)'.
b has_material_basis c at t means: b is a disposition & c is a material entity & there is some d bearer_of b at t& c continuant_part_of d at t& d has_disposition b at t because c continuant_part_of d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [071-002])
(forall (x y t) (if (hasMaterialBasisAt x y t) (and (Disposition x) (MaterialEntity y) (exists (z) (and (bearerOfAt z x t) (continuantPartOfAt y z t) (exists (w) (and (Disposition w) (if (hasDisposition z w) (continuantPartOfAt y z t))))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [071-002]
has material basis at all times
b has_material_basis c at t means: b is a disposition & c is a material entity & there is some d bearer_of b at t& c continuant_part_of d at t& d has_disposition b at t because c continuant_part_of d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [071-002])
(forall (x y t) (if (hasMaterialBasisAt x y t) (and (Disposition x) (MaterialEntity y) (exists (z) (and (bearerOfAt z x t) (continuantPartOfAt y z t) (exists (w) (and (Disposition w) (if (hasDisposition z w) (continuantPartOfAt y z t))))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [071-002]
has-member-part_st
[copied from inverse property 'member part of at some time'] each piece in a chess set is a member part of the chess set; each Beatle in the collection called The Beatles is a member part of The Beatles.
[copied from inverse property 'member part of at some time'] each tree in a forest is a member_part of the forest
[copied from inverse property 'member part of at some time'] b member_part_of c at t =Def. b is an object & there is at t a mutually exhaustive and pairwise disjoint partition of c into objects x1, …, xn (for some n > 1) with b = xi for some 1 ? i ? n. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [026-004])
[copied from inverse property 'member part of at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'member part of at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'member part of@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'member part of at some time'] BFO2 Reference: object
[copied from inverse property 'member part of at some time'] BFO2 Reference: object aggregate
has member part at some time
o-has-part
hasOccurrentPart
[copied from inverse property 'part of occurrent'] Mary’s 5th birthday occurrent_part_of Mary’s life
[copied from inverse property 'part of occurrent'] The process of a footballer’s heart beating once is an occurrent part but not a temporal_part of a game of football.
[copied from inverse property 'part of occurrent'] the first set of the tennis match occurrent_part_of the tennis match.
b has_occurrent_part c = Def. c occurrent_part_of b. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [007-001])
[copied from inverse property 'part of occurrent'] BFO 2 Reference: a (continuant or occurrent) part of itself. We appreciate that this is counterintuitive for some users, since it implies for example that President Obama is a part of himself. However it brings benefits in simplifying the logical formalism, and it captures an important feature of identity, namely that it is the limit case of mereological inclusion.
[copied from inverse property 'part of occurrent'] BFO2 Reference: occurrent
[copied from inverse property 'part of occurrent'] b occurrent_part_of c =Def. b is a part of c & b and c are occurrents. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [003-002])
(iff (hasOccurrentPart a b) (occurrentPartOf b a)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [007-001]
has occurrent part
b has_occurrent_part c = Def. c occurrent_part_of b. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [007-001])
(iff (hasOccurrentPart a b) (occurrentPartOf b a)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [007-001]
o-has-ppart
hasProperOccurrentPart
[copied from inverse property 'proper part of occurrent'] b proper_occurrent_part_of c =Def. b occurrent_part_of c & b and c are not identical. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [005-001])
b has_proper_occurrent_part c = Def. c proper_occurrent_part_of b. [XXX-001
has proper occurrent part
has-profile
has profile
has-t-part
[copied from inverse property 'temporal part of'] the 4th year of your life is a temporal part of your life\. The first quarter of a game of football is a temporal part of the whole game\. The process of your heart beating from 4pm to 5pm today is a temporal part of the entire process of your heart beating.\ The 4th year of your life is a temporal part of your life
[copied from inverse property 'temporal part of'] the process boundary which separates the 3rd and 4th years of your life.
[copied from inverse property 'temporal part of'] your heart beating from 4pm to 5pm today is a temporal part of the process of your heart beating
[copied from inverse property 'temporal part of'] b proper_temporal_part_of c =Def. b temporal_part_of c & not (b = c). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [116-001])
[copied from inverse property 'temporal part of'] b temporal_part_of c =Def.b occurrent_part_of c & & for some temporal region t, b occupies_temporal_region t & for all occurrents d, t (if d occupies_temporal_region t & t? occurrent_part_of t then (d occurrent_part_of a iff d occurrent_part_of b)). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [078-003])
has temporal part
r-location-of_st
[copied from inverse property 'occupies spatial region at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'occupies spatial region at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'occupies spatial region@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'occupies spatial region at some time'] BFO2 Reference: independent continuant
[copied from inverse property 'occupies spatial region at some time'] BFO2 Reference: spatial region
[copied from inverse property 'occupies spatial region at some time'] b occupies_spatial_region r at t means that r is a spatial region in which independent continuant b is exactly located (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [041-002])
has spatial occupant at some time
has-location_st
[copied from inverse property 'located in at some time'] Mary located_in Salzburg
[copied from inverse property 'located in at some time'] the Empire State Building located_in New York.
[copied from inverse property 'located in at some time'] this portion of cocaine located_in this portion of blood
[copied from inverse property 'located in at some time'] this stem cell located_in this portion of bone marrow
[copied from inverse property 'located in at some time'] your arm located_in your body
[copied from inverse property 'located in at some time'] b located_in c at t = Def. b and c are independent continuants, and the region at which b is located at t is a (proper or improper) continuant_part_of the region at which c is located at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [045-001])
[copied from inverse property 'located in at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'located in at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'located in@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'located in at some time'] BFO2 Reference: independent continuant
has location at some time
has-s-dep_st
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] A pain s-depends_on the organism that is experiencing the pain
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] a gait s-depends_on the walking object. (All at some specific time.)
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] a shape s-depends_on the shaped object
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] one-sided s-dependence of a dependent continuant on an independent continuant: an instance of headache s-depends_on some head
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] one-sided s-dependence of a dependent continuant on an independent continuant: an instance of temperature s-depends_on some organism
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] one-sided s-dependence of a process on something: a process of cell death s-depends_on a cell
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] one-sided s-dependence of a process on something: an instance of seeing (a relational process) s-depends_on some organism and on some seen entity, which may be an occurrent or a continuant
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on another: a process of answering a question is dependent on a prior process of asking a question
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on another: a process of obeying a command is dependent on a prior process of issuing a command
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on multiple independent continuants: a relational process of hitting a ball with a cricket bat
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on multiple independent continuants: a relational process of paying cash to a merchant in exchange for a bag of figs
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] reciprocal s-dependence between occurrents: a process of buying and the associated process of selling
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] reciprocal s-dependence between occurrents: a process of increasing the volume of a portion of gas while temperature remains constant and the associated process of decreasing the pressure exerted by the gas
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] reciprocal s-dependence between occurrents: in a game of chess the process of playing with the white pieces is mutually dependent on the process of playing with the black pieces
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] the one-sided dependence of an occurrent on an independent continuant: football match on the players, the ground, the ball
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] the one-sided dependence of an occurrent on an independent continuant: handwave on a hand
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] the three-sided reciprocal s-dependence of the hue, saturation and brightness of a color [45
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] the three-sided reciprocal s-dependence of the pitch, timbre and volume of a tone [45
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] the two-sided reciprocal s-dependence of the roles of husband and wife [20
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'specifically depends on at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'specifically depends on@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] BFO 2 Reference: An entity – for example an act of communication or a game of football – can s-depends_on more than one entity. Complex phenomena for example in the psychological and social realms (such as inferring, commanding and requesting) or in the realm of multi-organismal biological processes (such as infection and resistance), will involve multiple families of dependence relations, involving both continuants and occurrents [1, 4, 28
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] BFO 2 Reference: S-dependence is just one type of dependence among many; it is what, in the literature, is referred to as ‘existential dependence’ [87, 46, 65, 20
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] BFO 2 Reference: the relation of s-depends_on does not in every case require simultaneous existence of its relata. Note the difference between such cases and the cases of continuant universals defined historically: the act of answering depends existentially on the prior act of questioning; the human being who was baptized or who answered a question does not himself depend existentially on the prior act of baptism or answering. He would still exist even if these acts had never taken place.
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] BFO2 Reference: specifically dependent continuant\; process; process boundary
[copied from inverse property 'specifically depends on at some time'] To say that b s-depends_on a at t is to say that b and c do not share common parts & b is of its nature such that it cannot exist unless c exists & b is not a boundary of c and b is not a site of which c is the host [64
has specific dependent at some time
occupied-by
[copied from inverse property 'occupies spatiotemporal region'] BFO 2 Reference: The occupies_spatiotemporal_region and occupies_temporal_region relations are the counterpart, on the occurrent side, of the relation occupies_spatial_region.
[copied from inverse property 'occupies spatiotemporal region'] p occupies_spatiotemporal_region s. This is a primitive relation between an occurrent p and the spatiotemporal region s which is its spatiotemporal extent. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [082-003])
has spatiotemporal occupant
material-basis-of_st
material basis of at some time
member-part-of_st
memberPartOfAt
each piece in a chess set is a member part of the chess set; each Beatle in the collection called The Beatles is a member part of The Beatles.
each tree in a forest is a member_part of the forest
b member_part_of c at t =Def. b is an object & there is at t a mutually exhaustive and pairwise disjoint partition of c into objects x1, …, xn (for some n > 1) with b = xi for some 1 ? i ? n. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [026-004])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'member part of at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'member part of@en'(x,y,t)
BFO2 Reference: object
BFO2 Reference: object aggregate
if b member_part_of c at t then b continuant_part_of c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [104-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (memberPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt x y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [104-001]
member part of at some time
b member_part_of c at t =Def. b is an object & there is at t a mutually exhaustive and pairwise disjoint partition of c into objects x1, …, xn (for some n > 1) with b = xi for some 1 ? i ? n. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [026-004])
if b member_part_of c at t then b continuant_part_of c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [104-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (memberPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt x y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [104-001]
occupies
occupiesSpatiotemporalRegion
BFO 2 Reference: The occupies_spatiotemporal_region and occupies_temporal_region relations are the counterpart, on the occurrent side, of the relation occupies_spatial_region.
p occupies_spatiotemporal_region s. This is a primitive relation between an occurrent p and the spatiotemporal region s which is its spatiotemporal extent. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [082-003])
occupies spatiotemporal region
p occupies_spatiotemporal_region s. This is a primitive relation between an occurrent p and the spatiotemporal region s which is its spatiotemporal extent. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [082-003])
o-part-of
occurrentPartOf
Mary’s 5th birthday occurrent_part_of Mary’s life
The process of a footballer’s heart beating once is an occurrent part but not a temporal_part of a game of football.
the first set of the tennis match occurrent_part_of the tennis match.
[copied from inverse property 'has occurrent part'] b has_occurrent_part c = Def. c occurrent_part_of b. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [007-001])
BFO 2 Reference: a (continuant or occurrent) part of itself. We appreciate that this is counterintuitive for some users, since it implies for example that President Obama is a part of himself. However it brings benefits in simplifying the logical formalism, and it captures an important feature of identity, namely that it is the limit case of mereological inclusion.
BFO2 Reference: occurrent
b occurrent_part_of c =Def. b is a part of c & b and c are occurrents. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [003-002])
occurrent_part_of is antisymmetric. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [123-001])
occurrent_part_of is reflexive (every occurrent entity is an occurrent_part_of itself). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [113-002])
occurrent_part_of is transitive. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [112-001])
occurrent_part_of satisfies unique product. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [125-001])
occurrent_part_of satisfies weak supplementation. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [124-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (occurrentPartOf x y t) (not (= x y))) (exists (z) (and (occurrentPartOf z y t) (not (exists (w) (and (occurrentPartOf w x t) (occurrentPartOf w z t)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [124-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (occurrentPartOf x y t) (occurrentPartOf y x t)) (= x y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [123-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (exists (v) (and (occurrentPartOf v x t) (occurrentPartOf v y t))) (exists (z) (forall (u w) (iff (iff (occurrentPartOf w u t) (and (occurrentPartOf w x t) (occurrentPartOf w y t))) (= z u)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [125-001]
(forall (x y z) (if (and (occurrentPartOf x y) (occurrentPartOf y z)) (occurrentPartOf x z))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [112-001]
(forall (x) (if (Occurrent x) (occurrentPartOf x x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [113-002]
part of occurrent
b occurrent_part_of c =Def. b is a part of c & b and c are occurrents. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [003-002])
occurrent_part_of is antisymmetric. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [123-001])
occurrent_part_of is reflexive (every occurrent entity is an occurrent_part_of itself). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [113-002])
occurrent_part_of is transitive. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [112-001])
occurrent_part_of satisfies unique product. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [125-001])
occurrent_part_of satisfies weak supplementation. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [124-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (occurrentPartOf x y t) (not (= x y))) (exists (z) (and (occurrentPartOf z y t) (not (exists (w) (and (occurrentPartOf w x t) (occurrentPartOf w z t)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [124-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (occurrentPartOf x y t) (occurrentPartOf y x t)) (= x y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [123-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (exists (v) (and (occurrentPartOf v x t) (occurrentPartOf v y t))) (exists (z) (forall (u w) (iff (iff (occurrentPartOf w u t) (and (occurrentPartOf w x t) (occurrentPartOf w y t))) (= z u)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [125-001]
(forall (x y z) (if (and (occurrentPartOf x y) (occurrentPartOf y z)) (occurrentPartOf x z))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [112-001]
(forall (x) (if (Occurrent x) (occurrentPartOf x x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [113-002]
profile-of
processProfileOf
process profile of
t-ppart-of
properTemporalPartOf
proper temporal part of
c-ppart-of_at
properContinuantPartOfAt
b proper_continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b continuant_part_of c at t & b and c are not identical. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [004-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'proper part of continuant at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'proper part of continuant@en(x,y,t)'.
(iff (properContinuantPartOfAt a b t) (and (continuantPartOfAt a b t) (not (= a b)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [004-001]
proper part of continuant at all times
b proper_continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b continuant_part_of c at t & b and c are not identical. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [004-001])
(iff (properContinuantPartOfAt a b t) (and (continuantPartOfAt a b t) (not (= a b)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [004-001]
o-ppart-of
properOccurrentPartOf
[copied from inverse property 'has proper occurrent part'] b has_proper_occurrent_part c = Def. c proper_occurrent_part_of b. [XXX-001
b proper_occurrent_part_of c =Def. b occurrent_part_of c & b and c are not identical. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [005-001])
(iff (properOccurrentPartOf a b) (and (occurrentPartOf a b) (not (= a b)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [005-001]
proper part of occurrent
b proper_occurrent_part_of c =Def. b occurrent_part_of c & b and c are not identical. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [005-001])
(iff (properOccurrentPartOf a b) (and (occurrentPartOf a b) (not (= a b)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [005-001]
t-part-of
temporalPartOf
the 4th year of your life is a temporal part of your life\. The first quarter of a game of football is a temporal part of the whole game\. The process of your heart beating from 4pm to 5pm today is a temporal part of the entire process of your heart beating.\ The 4th year of your life is a temporal part of your life
the process boundary which separates the 3rd and 4th years of your life.
your heart beating from 4pm to 5pm today is a temporal part of the process of your heart beating
b proper_temporal_part_of c =Def. b temporal_part_of c & not (b = c). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [116-001])
b temporal_part_of c =Def.b occurrent_part_of c & & for some temporal region t, b occupies_temporal_region t & for all occurrents d, t (if d occupies_temporal_region t & t? occurrent_part_of t then (d occurrent_part_of a iff d occurrent_part_of b)). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [078-003])
if b proper_temporal_part_of c, then there is some d which is a proper_temporal_part_of c and which shares no parts with b. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [117-002])
(forall (x y) (if (properTemporalPartOf x y) (exists (z) (and (properTemporalPartOf z y) (not (exists (w) (and (temporalPartOf w x) (temporalPartOf w z)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [117-002]
(iff (properTemporalPartOf a b) (and (temporalPartOf a b) (not (= a b)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [116-001]
(iff (temporalPartOf a b) (and (occurrentPartOf a b) (exists (t) (and (TemporalRegion t) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion a t))) (forall (c t_1) (if (and (Occurrent c) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion c t_1) (occurrentPartOf t_1 r)) (iff (occurrentPartOf c a) (occurrentPartOf c b)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [078-003]
temporal part of
b proper_temporal_part_of c =Def. b temporal_part_of c & not (b = c). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [116-001])
b temporal_part_of c =Def.b occurrent_part_of c & & for some temporal region t, b occupies_temporal_region t & for all occurrents d, t (if d occupies_temporal_region t & t? occurrent_part_of t then (d occurrent_part_of a iff d occurrent_part_of b)). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [078-003])
if b proper_temporal_part_of c, then there is some d which is a proper_temporal_part_of c and which shares no parts with b. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [117-002])
(forall (x y) (if (properTemporalPartOf x y) (exists (z) (and (properTemporalPartOf z y) (not (exists (w) (and (temporalPartOf w x) (temporalPartOf w z)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [117-002]
(iff (properTemporalPartOf a b) (and (temporalPartOf a b) (not (= a b)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [116-001]
(iff (temporalPartOf a b) (and (occurrentPartOf a b) (exists (t) (and (TemporalRegion t) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion a t))) (forall (c t_1) (if (and (Occurrent c) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion c t_1) (occurrentPartOf t_1 r)) (iff (occurrentPartOf c a) (occurrentPartOf c b)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [078-003]
st-projects-onto-s_st
projects onto spatial region at some time
s-projection-of-st_st
spatial projection of spatiotemporal at some time
st-projects-onto-t
projects onto temporal region
t-projection-of-st
temporal projection of spatiotemporal
spans
occupiesTemporalRegion
p occupies_temporal_region t. This is a primitive relation between an occurrent p and the temporal region t upon which the spatiotemporal region p occupies_spatiotemporal_region projects. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [132-001])
occupies temporal region
p occupies_temporal_region t. This is a primitive relation between an occurrent p and the temporal region t upon which the spatiotemporal region p occupies_spatiotemporal_region projects. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [132-001])
span-of
spanOf
[copied from inverse property 'occupies temporal region'] p occupies_temporal_region t. This is a primitive relation between an occurrent p and the temporal region t upon which the spatiotemporal region p occupies_spatiotemporal_region projects. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [132-001])
has temporal occupant
during-which-exists
[copied from inverse property 'exists at'] BFO2 Reference: entity
[copied from inverse property 'exists at'] BFO2 Reference: temporal region
[copied from inverse property 'exists at'] b exists_at t means: b is an entity which exists at some temporal region t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [118-002])
during which exists
bearer-of_at
bearerOfAt
b bearer_of c at t =Def. c s-depends_on b at t & b is an independent continuant that is not a spatial region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [053-004])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'bearer of at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'bearer of@en(x,y,t)'.
BFO2 Reference: independent continuant that is not a spatial region
BFO2 Reference: specifically dependent continuant
(iff (bearerOfAt a b t) (and (specificallyDependsOnAt b a t) (IndependentContinuant a) (not (SpatialRegion a)) (existsAt b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [053-004]
bearer of at all times
b bearer_of c at t =Def. c s-depends_on b at t & b is an independent continuant that is not a spatial region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [053-004])
(iff (bearerOfAt a b t) (and (specificallyDependsOnAt b a t) (IndependentContinuant a) (not (SpatialRegion a)) (existsAt b t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [053-004]
has-q_at
has quality at all times
has-f_at
hasFunctionAt
a has_function b at t =Def. b function_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [070-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has function at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'has function@en(x,y,t)'.
(iff (hasFunctionAt a b t) (functionOf b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [070-001]
has function at all times
a has_function b at t =Def. b function_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [070-001])
(iff (hasFunctionAt a b t) (functionOf b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [070-001]
has-r_at
hasRoleAt
a has_role b at t =Def. b role_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [068-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has role at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'has role@en(x,y,t)'.
(iff (hasRoleAt a b t) (roleOfAt b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [068-001]
has role at all times
a has_role b at t =Def. b role_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [068-001])
(iff (hasRoleAt a b t) (roleOfAt b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [068-001]
has-d_at
hasDispositionAt
a has_disposition b at t =Def. b disposition_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [069-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has disposition at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'has disposition@en(x,y,t)'.
(iff (hasDispositionAt a b t) (dispositionOf b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [069-001]
has disposition at all times
a has_disposition b at t =Def. b disposition_of a at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [069-001])
(iff (hasDispositionAt a b t) (dispositionOf b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [069-001]
material-basis-of_at
material basis of at all times
concretizes_at
concretizesAt
You may concretize a piece of software by installing it in your computer
You may concretize a recipe that you find in a cookbook by turning it into a plan which exists as a realizable dependent continuant in your head.
you may concretize a poem as a pattern of memory traces in your head
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'concretizes at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'concretizes@en(x,y,t)'.
b concretizes c at t means: b is a specifically dependent continuant & c is a generically dependent continuant & for some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, b s-depends_on d at t & c g-depends on d at t & if c migrates from bearer d to another bearer e than a copy of b will be created in e. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [075-002])
if b g-depends on c at some time t, then there is some d, such that d concretizes b at t and d s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [076-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (concretizesAt x y t) (and (SpecificallyDependentContinuant x) (GenericallyDependentContinuant y) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t) (genericallyDependsOnAt y z t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [075-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (genericallyDependsOnAt x y t) (exists (z) (and (concretizesAt z x t) (specificallyDependsOnAt z y t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [076-001]
concretizes at all times
b concretizes c at t means: b is a specifically dependent continuant & c is a generically dependent continuant & for some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, b s-depends_on d at t & c g-depends on d at t & if c migrates from bearer d to another bearer e than a copy of b will be created in e. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [075-002])
if b g-depends on c at some time t, then there is some d, such that d concretizes b at t and d s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [076-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (concretizesAt x y t) (and (SpecificallyDependentContinuant x) (GenericallyDependentContinuant y) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t) (genericallyDependsOnAt y z t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [075-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (genericallyDependsOnAt x y t) (exists (z) (and (concretizesAt z x t) (specificallyDependsOnAt z y t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [076-001]
concretized-by_at
concretized by at all times
participates-in_at
participatesInAt
participates in at all times
has-participant_at
hasParticipantAt
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has participant at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'has participant@en(x,y,t)'.
BFO 2 Reference: Spatial regions do not participate in processes.
BFO2 Reference: independent continuant that is not a spatial region, specifically dependent continuant, generically dependent continuant
BFO2 Reference: process
has_participant is an instance-level relation between a process, a continuant, and a temporal region at which the continuant participates in some way in the process. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [086-003])
if b has_participant c at t & c is a generically dependent continuant, then there is some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, and which is such that c g-depends on d at t & b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [091-003])
if b has_participant c at t & c is a specifically dependent continuant, then there is some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, c s-depends_on d at t & b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [090-003])
if b has_participant c at t then b is an occurrent. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [087-001])
if b has_participant c at t then c exists at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [089-001])
if b has_participant c at t then c is a continuant. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [088-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (hasParticipantAt x y t) (GenericallyDependentContinuant y)) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (genericallyDependsOn y z t) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [091-003]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (hasParticipantAt x y t) (SpecificallyDependentContinuant y)) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t) (specificallyDependsOnAt y z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [090-003]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (Continuant y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [088-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (Occurrent x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [087-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (existsAt y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [089-001]
has participant at all times
has_participant is an instance-level relation between a process, a continuant, and a temporal region at which the continuant participates in some way in the process. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [086-003])
if b has_participant c at t & c is a generically dependent continuant, then there is some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, and which is such that c g-depends on d at t & b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [091-003])
if b has_participant c at t & c is a specifically dependent continuant, then there is some independent continuant that is not a spatial region d, c s-depends_on d at t & b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [090-003])
if b has_participant c at t then b is an occurrent. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [087-001])
if b has_participant c at t then c exists at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [089-001])
if b has_participant c at t then c is a continuant. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [088-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (hasParticipantAt x y t) (GenericallyDependentContinuant y)) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (genericallyDependsOn y z t) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [091-003]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (hasParticipantAt x y t) (SpecificallyDependentContinuant y)) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t) (specificallyDependsOnAt y z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [090-003]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (Continuant y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [088-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (Occurrent x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [087-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (hasParticipantAt x y t) (existsAt y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [089-001]
has-s-dep_at
has specific dependent at all times
s-depends-on_st
specificallyDependsOn
A pain s-depends_on the organism that is experiencing the pain
a gait s-depends_on the walking object. (All at some specific time.)
a shape s-depends_on the shaped object
one-sided s-dependence of a dependent continuant on an independent continuant: an instance of headache s-depends_on some head
one-sided s-dependence of a dependent continuant on an independent continuant: an instance of temperature s-depends_on some organism
one-sided s-dependence of a process on something: a process of cell death s-depends_on a cell
one-sided s-dependence of a process on something: an instance of seeing (a relational process) s-depends_on some organism and on some seen entity, which may be an occurrent or a continuant
one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on another: a process of answering a question is dependent on a prior process of asking a question
one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on another: a process of obeying a command is dependent on a prior process of issuing a command
one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on multiple independent continuants: a relational process of hitting a ball with a cricket bat
one-sided s-dependence of one occurrent on multiple independent continuants: a relational process of paying cash to a merchant in exchange for a bag of figs
reciprocal s-dependence between occurrents: a process of buying and the associated process of selling
reciprocal s-dependence between occurrents: a process of increasing the volume of a portion of gas while temperature remains constant and the associated process of decreasing the pressure exerted by the gas
reciprocal s-dependence between occurrents: in a game of chess the process of playing with the white pieces is mutually dependent on the process of playing with the black pieces
the one-sided dependence of an occurrent on an independent continuant: football match on the players, the ground, the ball
the one-sided dependence of an occurrent on an independent continuant: handwave on a hand
the three-sided reciprocal s-dependence of the hue, saturation and brightness of a color [45
the three-sided reciprocal s-dependence of the pitch, timbre and volume of a tone [45
the two-sided reciprocal s-dependence of the roles of husband and wife [20
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'specifically depends on at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'specifically depends on@en'(x,y,t)
BFO 2 Reference: An entity – for example an act of communication or a game of football – can s-depends_on more than one entity. Complex phenomena for example in the psychological and social realms (such as inferring, commanding and requesting) or in the realm of multi-organismal biological processes (such as infection and resistance), will involve multiple families of dependence relations, involving both continuants and occurrents [1, 4, 28
BFO 2 Reference: S-dependence is just one type of dependence among many; it is what, in the literature, is referred to as ‘existential dependence’ [87, 46, 65, 20
BFO 2 Reference: the relation of s-depends_on does not in every case require simultaneous existence of its relata. Note the difference between such cases and the cases of continuant universals defined historically: the act of answering depends existentially on the prior act of questioning; the human being who was baptized or who answered a question does not himself depend existentially on the prior act of baptism or answering. He would still exist even if these acts had never taken place.
BFO2 Reference: specifically dependent continuant\; process; process boundary
To say that b s-depends_on a at t is to say that b and c do not share common parts & b is of its nature such that it cannot exist unless c exists & b is not a boundary of c and b is not a site of which c is the host [64
If b is s-depends_on something at some time, then b is not a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [052-001])
If b s-depends_on something at t, then there is some c, which is an independent continuant and not a spatial region, such that b s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [136-001])
If occurrent b s-depends_on some independent continuant c at t, then b s-depends_on c at every time at which b exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [015-002])
an entity does not s-depend_on any of its (continuant or occurrent) parts or on anything it is part of. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [013-002])
if b s-depends_on c at t & c s-depends_on d at t then b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [054-002])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (Entity x) (or (continuantPartOfAt y x t) (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (occurrentPartOf x y) (occurrentPartOf y x))) (not (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [013-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (Occurrent x) (IndependentContinuant y) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)) (forall (t_1) (if (existsAt x t_1) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t_1))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [015-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [136-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t) (specificallyDependsOnAt y z t)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [054-002]
(forall (x) (if (exists (y t) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)) (not (MaterialEntity x)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [052-001]
specifically depends on at some time
If b is s-depends_on something at some time, then b is not a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [052-001])
If b s-depends_on something at t, then there is some c, which is an independent continuant and not a spatial region, such that b s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [136-001])
If occurrent b s-depends_on some independent continuant c at t, then b s-depends_on c at every time at which b exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [015-002])
an entity does not s-depend_on any of its (continuant or occurrent) parts or on anything it is part of. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [013-002])
if b s-depends_on c at t & c s-depends_on d at t then b s-depends_on d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [054-002])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (Entity x) (or (continuantPartOfAt y x t) (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (occurrentPartOf x y) (occurrentPartOf y x))) (not (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [013-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (Occurrent x) (IndependentContinuant y) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)) (forall (t_1) (if (existsAt x t_1) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t_1))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [015-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t) (exists (z) (and (IndependentContinuant z) (not (SpatialRegion z)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [136-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t) (specificallyDependsOnAt y z t)) (specificallyDependsOnAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [054-002]
(forall (x) (if (exists (y t) (specificallyDependsOnAt x y t)) (not (MaterialEntity x)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [052-001]
has-location_at
has location at all times
located-in_st
locatedInAt
Mary located_in Salzburg
the Empire State Building located_in New York.
this portion of cocaine located_in this portion of blood
this stem cell located_in this portion of bone marrow
your arm located_in your body
b located_in c at t = Def. b and c are independent continuants, and the region at which b is located at t is a (proper or improper) continuant_part_of the region at which c is located at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [045-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'located in at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'located in@en'(x,y,t)
BFO2 Reference: independent continuant
Located_in is transitive. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [046-001])
for all independent continuants b, c, and d: if b continuant_part_of c at t & c located_in d at t, then b located_in d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [048-001])
for all independent continuants b, c, and d: if b located_in c at t & c continuant_part_of d at t, then b located_in d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [049-001])
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (IndependentContinuant x) (IndependentContinuant y) (IndependentContinuant z) (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (locatedInAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [048-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (IndependentContinuant x) (IndependentContinuant y) (IndependentContinuant z) (locatedInAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [049-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (locatedInAt x y t) (locatedInAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [046-001]
(iff (locatedInAt a b t) (and (IndependentContinuant a) (IndependentContinuant b) (exists (r_1 r_2) (and (occupiesSpatialRegionAt a r_1 t) (occupiesSpatialRegionAt b r_2 t) (continuantPartOfAt r_1 r_2 t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [045-001]
located in at some time
b located_in c at t = Def. b and c are independent continuants, and the region at which b is located at t is a (proper or improper) continuant_part_of the region at which c is located at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [045-001])
Located_in is transitive. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [046-001])
for all independent continuants b, c, and d: if b continuant_part_of c at t & c located_in d at t, then b located_in d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [048-001])
for all independent continuants b, c, and d: if b located_in c at t & c continuant_part_of d at t, then b located_in d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [049-001])
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (IndependentContinuant x) (IndependentContinuant y) (IndependentContinuant z) (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (locatedInAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [048-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (IndependentContinuant x) (IndependentContinuant y) (IndependentContinuant z) (locatedInAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [049-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (locatedInAt x y t) (locatedInAt y z t)) (locatedInAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [046-001]
(iff (locatedInAt a b t) (and (IndependentContinuant a) (IndependentContinuant b) (exists (r_1 r_2) (and (occupiesSpatialRegionAt a r_1 t) (occupiesSpatialRegionAt b r_2 t) (continuantPartOfAt r_1 r_2 t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [045-001]
has-member-part_at
has member part at all times
member-part-of_at
memberPartOfAt
each piece in a chess set is a member part of the chess set; each Beatle in the collection called The Beatles is a member part of The Beatles.
each tree in a forest is a member_part of the forest
b member_part_of c at t =Def. b is an object & there is at t a mutually exhaustive and pairwise disjoint partition of c into objects x1, …, xn (for some n > 1) with b = xi for some 1 ? i ? n. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [026-004])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'member part of at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'member part of@en(x,y,t)'.
BFO2 Reference: object
BFO2 Reference: object aggregate
if b member_part_of c at t then b continuant_part_of c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [104-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (memberPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt x y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [104-001]
member part of at all times
b member_part_of c at t =Def. b is an object & there is at t a mutually exhaustive and pairwise disjoint partition of c into objects x1, …, xn (for some n > 1) with b = xi for some 1 ? i ? n. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [026-004])
if b member_part_of c at t then b continuant_part_of c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [104-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (memberPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt x y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [104-001]
c-has-ppart_st
hasProperContinuantPartAt
[copied from inverse property 'proper part of continuant at some time'] b proper_continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b continuant_part_of c at t & b and c are not identical. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [004-001])
b has_proper_continuant_part c at t = Def. c proper_continuant_part_of b at t. [XXX-001
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has proper continuant part at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'has proper continuant part@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'proper part of continuant at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'proper part of continuant at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'proper part of continuant@en'(x,y,t)
has proper continuant part at some time
c-ppart-of_st
properContinuantPartOfAt
[copied from inverse property 'has proper continuant part at some time'] b has_proper_continuant_part c at t = Def. c proper_continuant_part_of b at t. [XXX-001
b proper_continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b continuant_part_of c at t & b and c are not identical. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [004-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'proper part of continuant at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'proper part of continuant@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'has proper continuant part at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has proper continuant part at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'has proper continuant part@en'(x,y,t)
(iff (properContinuantPartOfAt a b t) (and (continuantPartOfAt a b t) (not (= a b)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [004-001]
proper part of continuant at some time
b proper_continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b continuant_part_of c at t & b and c are not identical. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [004-001])
(iff (properContinuantPartOfAt a b t) (and (continuantPartOfAt a b t) (not (= a b)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [004-001]
c-part-of_st
continuantPartOfAt
Mary’s arm continuant_part_of Mary in the time of her life prior to her operation
the Northern hemisphere of the planet Earth is a part of the planet Earth at all times at which the planet Earth exists.
[copied from inverse property 'has continuant part at some time'] b has_continuant_part c at t = Def. c continuant_part_of b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [006-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'part of continuant at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'part of continuant@en'(x,y,t)
BFO 2 Reference: Immaterial entities are in some cases continuant parts of their material hosts. Thus the hold of a ship, for example, is a part of the ship; it may itself have parts, which may have names (used for example by ship stow planners, customs inspectors, and the like). Immaterial entities under both 1. and 2. can be of zero, one, two or three dimensions. We define:a(immaterial entity)[Definition: a is an immaterial entity = Def. a is an independent continuant that has no material entities as parts. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [028-001])
BFO 2 Reference: a (continuant or occurrent) part of itself. We appreciate that this is counterintuitive for some users, since it implies for example that President Obama is a part of himself. However it brings benefits in simplifying the logical formalism, and it captures an important feature of identity, namely that it is the limit case of mereological inclusion.
BFO2 Reference: continuant
BFO2 Reference: continuantThe range for ‘t’ (as in all cases throughout this document unless otherwise specified) is: temporal region.
[copied from inverse property 'has continuant part at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has continuant part at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'has continuant part@en'(x,y,t)
b continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b is a part of c at t & t is a time & b and c are continuants. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [002-001])
continuant_part_of is antisymmetric. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [120-001])
continuant_part_of is reflexive (every continuant entity is a continuant_part_of itself). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [111-002])
continuant_part_of is transitive. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [110-001])
continuant_part_of satisfies unique product. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [122-001])
continuant_part_of satisfies weak supplementation. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [121-001])
if b continuant_part_of c at t and b is an independent continuant, then b is located_in c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [047-002])
(forall (x t) (if (Continuant x) (continuantPartOfAt x x t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [111-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (IndependentContinuant x)) (locatedInAt x y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [047-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)) (= x y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [120-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (not (= x y))) (exists (z) (and (continuantPartOfAt z y t) (not (exists (w) (and (continuantPartOfAt w x t) (continuantPartOfAt w z t)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [121-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (exists (v) (and (continuantPartOfAt v x t) (continuantPartOfAt v y t))) (exists (z) (forall (u w) (iff (iff (continuantPartOfAt w u t) (and (continuantPartOfAt w x t) (continuantPartOfAt w y t))) (= z u)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [122-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y z t)) (continuantPartOfAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [110-001]
(iff (ImmaterialEntity a) (and (IndependentContinuant a) (not (exists (b t) (and (MaterialEntity b) (continuantPartOfAt b a t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [028-001]
part of continuant at some time
BFO 2 Reference: Immaterial entities are in some cases continuant parts of their material hosts. Thus the hold of a ship, for example, is a part of the ship; it may itself have parts, which may have names (used for example by ship stow planners, customs inspectors, and the like). Immaterial entities under both 1. and 2. can be of zero, one, two or three dimensions. We define:a(immaterial entity)[Definition: a is an immaterial entity = Def. a is an independent continuant that has no material entities as parts. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [028-001])
b continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b is a part of c at t & t is a time & b and c are continuants. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [002-001])
continuant_part_of is antisymmetric. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [120-001])
continuant_part_of is reflexive (every continuant entity is a continuant_part_of itself). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [111-002])
continuant_part_of is transitive. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [110-001])
continuant_part_of satisfies unique product. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [122-001])
continuant_part_of satisfies weak supplementation. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [121-001])
if b continuant_part_of c at t and b is an independent continuant, then b is located_in c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [047-002])
(forall (x t) (if (Continuant x) (continuantPartOfAt x x t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [111-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (IndependentContinuant x)) (locatedInAt x y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [047-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)) (= x y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [120-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (not (= x y))) (exists (z) (and (continuantPartOfAt z y t) (not (exists (w) (and (continuantPartOfAt w x t) (continuantPartOfAt w z t)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [121-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (exists (v) (and (continuantPartOfAt v x t) (continuantPartOfAt v y t))) (exists (z) (forall (u w) (iff (iff (continuantPartOfAt w u t) (and (continuantPartOfAt w x t) (continuantPartOfAt w y t))) (= z u)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [122-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y z t)) (continuantPartOfAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [110-001]
(iff (ImmaterialEntity a) (and (IndependentContinuant a) (not (exists (b t) (and (MaterialEntity b) (continuantPartOfAt b a t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [028-001]
c-part-of_at
continuantPartOfAt
Mary’s arm continuant_part_of Mary in the time of her life prior to her operation
the Northern hemisphere of the planet Earth is a part of the planet Earth at all times at which the planet Earth exists.
[copied from inverse property 'has continuant part at all times that part exists'] forall(t) exists_at(y,t) -> exists_at(x,t) and 'has continuant part'(x,y,t)
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'part of continuant at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'part of continuant@en(x,y,t)'.
BFO 2 Reference: Immaterial entities are in some cases continuant parts of their material hosts. Thus the hold of a ship, for example, is a part of the ship; it may itself have parts, which may have names (used for example by ship stow planners, customs inspectors, and the like). Immaterial entities under both 1. and 2. can be of zero, one, two or three dimensions. We define:a(immaterial entity)[Definition: a is an immaterial entity = Def. a is an independent continuant that has no material entities as parts. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [028-001])
BFO 2 Reference: a (continuant or occurrent) part of itself. We appreciate that this is counterintuitive for some users, since it implies for example that President Obama is a part of himself. However it brings benefits in simplifying the logical formalism, and it captures an important feature of identity, namely that it is the limit case of mereological inclusion.
BFO2 Reference: continuant
BFO2 Reference: continuantThe range for ‘t’ (as in all cases throughout this document unless otherwise specified) is: temporal region.
[copied from inverse property 'has continuant part at all times that part exists'] This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. Unlike the rest of the temporalized relations which temporally quantify over existence of the subject of the relation, this relation temporally quantifies over the existence of the object of the relation. The relation is provided tentatively, to assess whether the GO needs such a relation. It is inverse of 'part of continuant at all times'
b continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b is a part of c at t & t is a time & b and c are continuants. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [002-001])
continuant_part_of is antisymmetric. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [120-001])
continuant_part_of is reflexive (every continuant entity is a continuant_part_of itself). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [111-002])
continuant_part_of is transitive. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [110-001])
continuant_part_of satisfies unique product. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [122-001])
continuant_part_of satisfies weak supplementation. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [121-001])
if b continuant_part_of c at t and b is an independent continuant, then b is located_in c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [047-002])
(forall (x t) (if (Continuant x) (continuantPartOfAt x x t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [111-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (IndependentContinuant x)) (locatedInAt x y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [047-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)) (= x y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [120-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (not (= x y))) (exists (z) (and (continuantPartOfAt z y t) (not (exists (w) (and (continuantPartOfAt w x t) (continuantPartOfAt w z t)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [121-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (exists (v) (and (continuantPartOfAt v x t) (continuantPartOfAt v y t))) (exists (z) (forall (u w) (iff (iff (continuantPartOfAt w u t) (and (continuantPartOfAt w x t) (continuantPartOfAt w y t))) (= z u)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [122-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y z t)) (continuantPartOfAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [110-001]
(iff (ImmaterialEntity a) (and (IndependentContinuant a) (not (exists (b t) (and (MaterialEntity b) (continuantPartOfAt b a t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [028-001]
part of continuant at all times
BFO 2 Reference: Immaterial entities are in some cases continuant parts of their material hosts. Thus the hold of a ship, for example, is a part of the ship; it may itself have parts, which may have names (used for example by ship stow planners, customs inspectors, and the like). Immaterial entities under both 1. and 2. can be of zero, one, two or three dimensions. We define:a(immaterial entity)[Definition: a is an immaterial entity = Def. a is an independent continuant that has no material entities as parts. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [028-001])
b continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b is a part of c at t & t is a time & b and c are continuants. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [002-001])
continuant_part_of is antisymmetric. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [120-001])
continuant_part_of is reflexive (every continuant entity is a continuant_part_of itself). (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [111-002])
continuant_part_of is transitive. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [110-001])
continuant_part_of satisfies unique product. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [122-001])
continuant_part_of satisfies weak supplementation. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [121-001])
if b continuant_part_of c at t and b is an independent continuant, then b is located_in c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [047-002])
(forall (x t) (if (Continuant x) (continuantPartOfAt x x t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [111-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (IndependentContinuant x)) (locatedInAt x y t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [047-002]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)) (= x y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [120-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (not (= x y))) (exists (z) (and (continuantPartOfAt z y t) (not (exists (w) (and (continuantPartOfAt w x t) (continuantPartOfAt w z t)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [121-001]
(forall (x y t) (if (exists (v) (and (continuantPartOfAt v x t) (continuantPartOfAt v y t))) (exists (z) (forall (u w) (iff (iff (continuantPartOfAt w u t) (and (continuantPartOfAt w x t) (continuantPartOfAt w y t))) (= z u)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [122-001]
(forall (x y z t) (if (and (continuantPartOfAt x y t) (continuantPartOfAt y z t)) (continuantPartOfAt x z t))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [110-001]
(iff (ImmaterialEntity a) (and (IndependentContinuant a) (not (exists (b t) (and (MaterialEntity b) (continuantPartOfAt b a t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [028-001]
c-has-part_st
hasContinuantPartAt
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at some time'] Mary’s arm continuant_part_of Mary in the time of her life prior to her operation
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at some time'] the Northern hemisphere of the planet Earth is a part of the planet Earth at all times at which the planet Earth exists.
b has_continuant_part c at t = Def. c continuant_part_of b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [006-001])
Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has continuant part at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'has continuant part@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at some time'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'part of continuant at some time@en' is: exists t, exists_at(x,t) & exists_at(y,t) & 'part of continuant@en'(x,y,t)
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at some time'] BFO 2 Reference: Immaterial entities are in some cases continuant parts of their material hosts. Thus the hold of a ship, for example, is a part of the ship; it may itself have parts, which may have names (used for example by ship stow planners, customs inspectors, and the like). Immaterial entities under both 1. and 2. can be of zero, one, two or three dimensions. We define:a(immaterial entity)[Definition: a is an immaterial entity = Def. a is an independent continuant that has no material entities as parts. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [028-001])
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at some time'] BFO 2 Reference: a (continuant or occurrent) part of itself. We appreciate that this is counterintuitive for some users, since it implies for example that President Obama is a part of himself. However it brings benefits in simplifying the logical formalism, and it captures an important feature of identity, namely that it is the limit case of mereological inclusion.
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at some time'] BFO2 Reference: continuant
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at some time'] BFO2 Reference: continuantThe range for ‘t’ (as in all cases throughout this document unless otherwise specified) is: temporal region.
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at some time'] b continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b is a part of c at t & t is a time & b and c are continuants. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [002-001])
(iff (hasContinuantPartAt a b t) (continuantPartOfAt b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [006-001]
has continuant part at some time
b has_continuant_part c at t = Def. c continuant_part_of b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [006-001])
(iff (hasContinuantPartAt a b t) (continuantPartOfAt b a t)) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [006-001]
has-t-ppart
has proper temporal part
history-of
historyOf
[copied from inverse property 'has history'] b has_history c iff c history_of b [XXX-001
b history_of c if c is a material entity or site and b is a history that is the unique history of cAxiom: if b history_of c and b history_of d then c=d [XXX-001
history of
has-history
hasHistory
b has_history c iff c history_of b [XXX-001
[copied from inverse property 'history of'] b history_of c if c is a material entity or site and b is a history that is the unique history of cAxiom: if b history_of c and b history_of d then c=d [XXX-001
has history
c-part-of-object_at
[copied from inverse property 'has continuant part at all times'] b has_continuant_part c at t = Def. c continuant_part_of b at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [006-001])
forall(t) exists_at(y,t) -> exists_at(x,t) and 'part of continuant'(x,y,t)
This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. Unlike the rest of the temporalized relations which temporally quantify over existence of the subject of the relation, this relation temporally quantifies over the existence of the object of the relation. The relation is provided tentatively, to assess whether the GO needs such a relation. It is inverse of 'has continuant part at all times'
[copied from inverse property 'has continuant part at all times'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'has continuant part at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'has continuant part@en(x,y,t)'.
part of continuant at all times that whole exists
forall(t) exists_at(y,t) -> exists_at(x,t) and 'part of continuant'(x,y,t)
This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. Unlike the rest of the temporalized relations which temporally quantify over existence of the subject of the relation, this relation temporally quantifies over the existence of the object of the relation. The relation is provided tentatively, to assess whether the GO needs such a relation. It is inverse of 'has continuant part at all times'
c-has-part-object_at
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at all times'] Mary’s arm continuant_part_of Mary in the time of her life prior to her operation
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at all times'] the Northern hemisphere of the planet Earth is a part of the planet Earth at all times at which the planet Earth exists.
forall(t) exists_at(y,t) -> exists_at(x,t) and 'has continuant part'(x,y,t)
This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. Unlike the rest of the temporalized relations which temporally quantify over existence of the subject of the relation, this relation temporally quantifies over the existence of the object of the relation. The relation is provided tentatively, to assess whether the GO needs such a relation. It is inverse of 'part of continuant at all times'
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at all times'] Alan Ruttenberg: This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance-level, relation. The BFO reading of the binary relation 'part of continuant at all times@en' is: forall(t) exists_at(x,t) -> exists_at(y,t) and 'part of continuant@en(x,y,t)'.
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at all times'] BFO 2 Reference: Immaterial entities are in some cases continuant parts of their material hosts. Thus the hold of a ship, for example, is a part of the ship; it may itself have parts, which may have names (used for example by ship stow planners, customs inspectors, and the like). Immaterial entities under both 1. and 2. can be of zero, one, two or three dimensions. We define:a(immaterial entity)[Definition: a is an immaterial entity = Def. a is an independent continuant that has no material entities as parts. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [028-001])
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at all times'] BFO 2 Reference: a (continuant or occurrent) part of itself. We appreciate that this is counterintuitive for some users, since it implies for example that President Obama is a part of himself. However it brings benefits in simplifying the logical formalism, and it captures an important feature of identity, namely that it is the limit case of mereological inclusion.
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at all times'] BFO2 Reference: continuant
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at all times'] BFO2 Reference: continuantThe range for ‘t’ (as in all cases throughout this document unless otherwise specified) is: temporal region.
[copied from inverse property 'part of continuant at all times'] b continuant_part_of c at t =Def. b is a part of c at t & t is a time & b and c are continuants. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [002-001])
has continuant part at all times that part exists
forall(t) exists_at(y,t) -> exists_at(x,t) and 'has continuant part'(x,y,t)
This is a binary version of a ternary time-indexed, instance level, relation. Unlike the rest of the temporalized relations which temporally quantify over existence of the subject of the relation, this relation temporally quantifies over the existence of the object of the relation. The relation is provided tentatively, to assess whether the GO needs such a relation. It is inverse of 'part of continuant at all times'
entity
Entity
Julius Caesar
Verdi’s Requiem
the Second World War
your body mass index
BFO 2 Reference: In all areas of empirical inquiry we encounter general terms of two sorts. First are general terms which refer to universals or types:animaltuberculosissurgical procedurediseaseSecond, are general terms used to refer to groups of entities which instantiate a given universal but do not correspond to the extension of any subuniversal of that universal because there is nothing intrinsic to the entities in question by virtue of which they – and only they – are counted as belonging to the given group. Examples are: animal purchased by the Emperortuberculosis diagnosed on a Wednesdaysurgical procedure performed on a patient from Stockholmperson identified as candidate for clinical trial #2056-555person who is signatory of Form 656-PPVpainting by Leonardo da VinciSuch terms, which represent what are called ‘specializations’ in [81
Entity doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. For example Werner Ceusters 'portions of reality' include 4 sorts, entities (as BFO construes them), universals, configurations, and relations. It is an open question as to whether entities as construed in BFO will at some point also include these other portions of reality. See, for example, 'How to track absolutely everything' at http://www.referent-tracking.com/_RTU/papers/CeustersICbookRevised.pdf
An entity is anything that exists or has existed or will exist. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [001-001])
entity
Entity doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. For example Werner Ceusters 'portions of reality' include 4 sorts, entities (as BFO construes them), universals, configurations, and relations. It is an open question as to whether entities as construed in BFO will at some point also include these other portions of reality. See, for example, 'How to track absolutely everything' at http://www.referent-tracking.com/_RTU/papers/CeustersICbookRevised.pdf
per discussion with Barry Smith
An entity is anything that exists or has existed or will exist. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [001-001])
continuant
Continuant
BFO 2 Reference: Continuant entities are entities which can be sliced to yield parts only along the spatial dimension, yielding for example the parts of your table which we call its legs, its top, its nails. ‘My desk stretches from the window to the door. It has spatial parts, and can be sliced (in space) in two. With respect to time, however, a thing is a continuant.’ [60, p. 240
Continuant doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. For example, in an expansion involving bringing in some of Ceuster's other portions of reality, questions are raised as to whether universals are continuants
A continuant is an entity that persists, endures, or continues to exist through time while maintaining its identity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [008-002])
if b is a continuant and if, for some t, c has_continuant_part b at t, then c is a continuant. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [126-001])
if b is a continuant and if, for some t, cis continuant_part of b at t, then c is a continuant. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [009-002])
if b is a material entity, then there is some temporal interval (referred to below as a one-dimensional temporal region) during which b exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [011-002])
(forall (x y) (if (and (Continuant x) (exists (t) (continuantPartOfAt y x t))) (Continuant y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [009-002]
(forall (x y) (if (and (Continuant x) (exists (t) (hasContinuantPartOfAt y x t))) (Continuant y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [126-001]
(forall (x) (if (Continuant x) (Entity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [008-002]
(forall (x) (if (Material Entity x) (exists (t) (and (TemporalRegion t) (existsAt x t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [011-002]
continuant
Continuant doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. For example, in an expansion involving bringing in some of Ceuster's other portions of reality, questions are raised as to whether universals are continuants
A continuant is an entity that persists, endures, or continues to exist through time while maintaining its identity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [008-002])
if b is a continuant and if, for some t, c has_continuant_part b at t, then c is a continuant. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [126-001])
if b is a continuant and if, for some t, cis continuant_part of b at t, then c is a continuant. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [009-002])
if b is a material entity, then there is some temporal interval (referred to below as a one-dimensional temporal region) during which b exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [011-002])
(forall (x y) (if (and (Continuant x) (exists (t) (continuantPartOfAt y x t))) (Continuant y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [009-002]
(forall (x y) (if (and (Continuant x) (exists (t) (hasContinuantPartOfAt y x t))) (Continuant y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [126-001]
(forall (x) (if (Continuant x) (Entity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [008-002]
(forall (x) (if (Material Entity x) (exists (t) (and (TemporalRegion t) (existsAt x t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [011-002]
occurrent
Occurrent
BFO 2 Reference: every occurrent that is not a temporal or spatiotemporal region is s-dependent on some independent continuant that is not a spatial region
BFO 2 Reference: s-dependence obtains between every process and its participants in the sense that, as a matter of necessity, this process could not have existed unless these or those participants existed also. A process may have a succession of participants at different phases of its unfolding. Thus there may be different players on the field at different times during the course of a football game; but the process which is the entire game s-depends_on all of these players nonetheless. Some temporal parts of this process will s-depend_on on only some of the players.
Occurrent doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. An example would be the sum of a process and the process boundary of another process.
Simons uses different terminology for relations of occurrents to regions: Denote the spatio-temporal location of a given occurrent e by 'spn[e]' and call this region its span. We may say an occurrent is at its span, in any larger region, and covers any smaller region. Now suppose we have fixed a frame of reference so that we can speak not merely of spatio-temporal but also of spatial regions (places) and temporal regions (times). The spread of an occurrent, (relative to a frame of reference) is the space it exactly occupies, and its spell is likewise the time it exactly occupies. We write 'spr[e]' and `spl[e]' respectively for the spread and spell of e, omitting mention of the frame.
An occurrent is an entity that unfolds itself in time or it is the instantaneous boundary of such an entity (for example a beginning or an ending) or it is a temporal or spatiotemporal region which such an entity occupies_temporal_region or occupies_spatiotemporal_region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [077-002])
Every occurrent occupies_spatiotemporal_region some spatiotemporal region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [108-001])
b is an occurrent entity iff b is an entity that has temporal parts. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [079-001])
(forall (x) (if (Occurrent x) (exists (r) (and (SpatioTemporalRegion r) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion x r))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [108-001]
(forall (x) (iff (Occurrent x) (and (Entity x) (exists (y) (temporalPartOf y x))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [079-001]
occurrent
Occurrent doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. An example would be the sum of a process and the process boundary of another process.
per discussion with Barry Smith
Simons uses different terminology for relations of occurrents to regions: Denote the spatio-temporal location of a given occurrent e by 'spn[e]' and call this region its span. We may say an occurrent is at its span, in any larger region, and covers any smaller region. Now suppose we have fixed a frame of reference so that we can speak not merely of spatio-temporal but also of spatial regions (places) and temporal regions (times). The spread of an occurrent, (relative to a frame of reference) is the space it exactly occupies, and its spell is likewise the time it exactly occupies. We write 'spr[e]' and `spl[e]' respectively for the spread and spell of e, omitting mention of the frame.
An occurrent is an entity that unfolds itself in time or it is the instantaneous boundary of such an entity (for example a beginning or an ending) or it is a temporal or spatiotemporal region which such an entity occupies_temporal_region or occupies_spatiotemporal_region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [077-002])
Every occurrent occupies_spatiotemporal_region some spatiotemporal region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [108-001])
b is an occurrent entity iff b is an entity that has temporal parts. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [079-001])
(forall (x) (if (Occurrent x) (exists (r) (and (SpatioTemporalRegion r) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion x r))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [108-001]
(forall (x) (iff (Occurrent x) (and (Entity x) (exists (y) (temporalPartOf y x))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [079-001]
ic
IndependentContinuant
a chair
a heart
a leg
a molecule
a spatial region
an atom
an orchestra.
an organism
the bottom right portion of a human torso
the interior of your mouth
b is an independent continuant = Def. b is a continuant which is such that there is no c and no t such that b s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [017-002])
For any independent continuant b and any time t there is some spatial region r such that b is located_in r at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [134-001])
For every independent continuant b and time t during the region of time spanned by its life, there are entities which s-depends_on b during t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [018-002])
(forall (x t) (if (IndependentContinuant x) (exists (r) (and (SpatialRegion r) (locatedInAt x r t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [134-001]
(forall (x t) (if (and (IndependentContinuant x) (existsAt x t)) (exists (y) (and (Entity y) (specificallyDependsOnAt y x t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [018-002]
(iff (IndependentContinuant a) (and (Continuant a) (not (exists (b t) (specificallyDependsOnAt a b t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [017-002]
independent continuant
b is an independent continuant = Def. b is a continuant which is such that there is no c and no t such that b s-depends_on c at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [017-002])
For any independent continuant b and any time t there is some spatial region r such that b is located_in r at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [134-001])
For every independent continuant b and time t during the region of time spanned by its life, there are entities which s-depends_on b during t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [018-002])
(forall (x t) (if (IndependentContinuant x) (exists (r) (and (SpatialRegion r) (locatedInAt x r t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [134-001]
(forall (x t) (if (and (IndependentContinuant x) (existsAt x t)) (exists (y) (and (Entity y) (specificallyDependsOnAt y x t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [018-002]
(iff (IndependentContinuant a) (and (Continuant a) (not (exists (b t) (specificallyDependsOnAt a b t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [017-002]
s-region
SpatialRegion
BFO 2 Reference: Spatial regions do not participate in processes.
Spatial region doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't exhaust all possibilites. An example would be the union of a spatial point and a spatial line that doesn't overlap the point, or two spatial lines that intersect at a single point. In both cases the resultant spatial region is neither 0-dimensional, 1-dimensional, 2-dimensional, or 3-dimensional.
A spatial region is a continuant entity that is a continuant_part_of spaceR as defined relative to some frame R. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [035-001])
All continuant parts of spatial regions are spatial regions. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [036-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (SpatialRegion x) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)) (SpatialRegion y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [036-001]
(forall (x) (if (SpatialRegion x) (Continuant x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [035-001]
spatial region
true
true
Spatial region doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't exhaust all possibilites. An example would be the union of a spatial point and a spatial line that doesn't overlap the point, or two spatial lines that intersect at a single point. In both cases the resultant spatial region is neither 0-dimensional, 1-dimensional, 2-dimensional, or 3-dimensional.
per discussion with Barry Smith
A spatial region is a continuant entity that is a continuant_part_of spaceR as defined relative to some frame R. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [035-001])
All continuant parts of spatial regions are spatial regions. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [036-001])
(forall (x y t) (if (and (SpatialRegion x) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)) (SpatialRegion y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [036-001]
(forall (x) (if (SpatialRegion x) (Continuant x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [035-001]
t-region
TemporalRegion
Temporal region doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't exhaust all possibilites. An example would be the mereological sum of a temporal instant and a temporal interval that doesn't overlap the instant. In this case the resultant temporal region is neither 0-dimensional nor 1-dimensional
A temporal region is an occurrent entity that is part of time as defined relative to some reference frame. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [100-001])
All parts of temporal regions are temporal regions. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [101-001])
Every temporal region t is such that t occupies_temporal_region t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [119-002])
(forall (r) (if (TemporalRegion r) (occupiesTemporalRegion r r))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [119-002]
(forall (x y) (if (and (TemporalRegion x) (occurrentPartOf y x)) (TemporalRegion y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [101-001]
(forall (x) (if (TemporalRegion x) (Occurrent x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [100-001]
temporal region
true
true
Temporal region doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't exhaust all possibilites. An example would be the mereological sum of a temporal instant and a temporal interval that doesn't overlap the instant. In this case the resultant temporal region is neither 0-dimensional nor 1-dimensional
per discussion with Barry Smith
A temporal region is an occurrent entity that is part of time as defined relative to some reference frame. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [100-001])
All parts of temporal regions are temporal regions. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [101-001])
Every temporal region t is such that t occupies_temporal_region t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [119-002])
(forall (r) (if (TemporalRegion r) (occupiesTemporalRegion r r))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [119-002]
(forall (x y) (if (and (TemporalRegion x) (occurrentPartOf y x)) (TemporalRegion y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [101-001]
(forall (x) (if (TemporalRegion x) (Occurrent x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [100-001]
2d-s-region
TwoDimensionalSpatialRegion
an infinitely thin plane in space.
the surface of a sphere-shaped part of space
A two-dimensional spatial region is a spatial region that is of two dimensions. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [039-001])
(forall (x) (if (TwoDimensionalSpatialRegion x) (SpatialRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [039-001]
two-dimensional spatial region
A two-dimensional spatial region is a spatial region that is of two dimensions. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [039-001])
(forall (x) (if (TwoDimensionalSpatialRegion x) (SpatialRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [039-001]
st-region
SpatiotemporalRegion
the spatiotemporal region occupied by a human life
the spatiotemporal region occupied by a process of cellular meiosis.
the spatiotemporal region occupied by the development of a cancer tumor
A spatiotemporal region is an occurrent entity that is part of spacetime. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [095-001])
All parts of spatiotemporal regions are spatiotemporal regions. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [096-001])
Each spatiotemporal region at any time t projects_onto some spatial region at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [099-001])
Each spatiotemporal region projects_onto some temporal region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [098-001])
Every spatiotemporal region occupies_spatiotemporal_region itself.
Every spatiotemporal region s is such that s occupies_spatiotemporal_region s. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [107-002])
(forall (r) (if (SpatioTemporalRegion r) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion r r))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [107-002]
(forall (x t) (if (SpatioTemporalRegion x) (exists (y) (and (SpatialRegion y) (spatiallyProjectsOntoAt x y t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [099-001]
(forall (x y) (if (and (SpatioTemporalRegion x) (occurrentPartOf y x)) (SpatioTemporalRegion y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [096-001]
(forall (x) (if (SpatioTemporalRegion x) (Occurrent x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [095-001]
(forall (x) (if (SpatioTemporalRegion x) (exists (y) (and (TemporalRegion y) (temporallyProjectsOnto x y))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [098-001]
spatiotemporal region
true
true
A spatiotemporal region is an occurrent entity that is part of spacetime. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [095-001])
All parts of spatiotemporal regions are spatiotemporal regions. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [096-001])
Each spatiotemporal region at any time t projects_onto some spatial region at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [099-001])
Each spatiotemporal region projects_onto some temporal region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [098-001])
Every spatiotemporal region s is such that s occupies_spatiotemporal_region s. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [107-002])
(forall (r) (if (SpatioTemporalRegion r) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion r r))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [107-002]
(forall (x t) (if (SpatioTemporalRegion x) (exists (y) (and (SpatialRegion y) (spatiallyProjectsOntoAt x y t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [099-001]
(forall (x y) (if (and (SpatioTemporalRegion x) (occurrentPartOf y x)) (SpatioTemporalRegion y))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [096-001]
(forall (x) (if (SpatioTemporalRegion x) (Occurrent x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [095-001]
(forall (x) (if (SpatioTemporalRegion x) (exists (y) (and (TemporalRegion y) (temporallyProjectsOnto x y))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [098-001]
process
Process
a process of cell-division, \ a beating of the heart
a process of meiosis
a process of sleeping
the course of a disease
the flight of a bird
the life of an organism
your process of aging.
p is a process = Def. p is an occurrent that has temporal proper parts and for some time t, p s-depends_on some material entity at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [083-003])
BFO 2 Reference: The realm of occurrents is less pervasively marked by the presence of natural units than is the case in the realm of independent continuants. Thus there is here no counterpart of ‘object’. In BFO 1.0 ‘process’ served as such a counterpart. In BFO 2.0 ‘process’ is, rather, the occurrent counterpart of ‘material entity’. Those natural – as contrasted with engineered, which here means: deliberately executed – units which do exist in the realm of occurrents are typically either parasitic on the existence of natural units on the continuant side, or they are fiat in nature. Thus we can count lives; we can count football games; we can count chemical reactions performed in experiments or in chemical manufacturing. We cannot count the processes taking place, for instance, in an episode of insect mating behavior.Even where natural units are identifiable, for example cycles in a cyclical process such as the beating of a heart or an organism’s sleep/wake cycle, the processes in question form a sequence with no discontinuities (temporal gaps) of the sort that we find for instance where billiard balls or zebrafish or planets are separated by clear spatial gaps. Lives of organisms are process units, but they too unfold in a continuous series from other, prior processes such as fertilization, and they unfold in turn in continuous series of post-life processes such as post-mortem decay. Clear examples of boundaries of processes are almost always of the fiat sort (midnight, a time of death as declared in an operating theater or on a death certificate, the initiation of a state of war)
(iff (Process a) (and (Occurrent a) (exists (b) (properTemporalPartOf b a)) (exists (c t) (and (MaterialEntity c) (specificallyDependsOnAt a c t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [083-003]
process
p is a process = Def. p is an occurrent that has temporal proper parts and for some time t, p s-depends_on some material entity at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [083-003])
(iff (Process a) (and (Occurrent a) (exists (b) (properTemporalPartOf b a)) (exists (c t) (and (MaterialEntity c) (specificallyDependsOnAt a c t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [083-003]
disposition
Disposition
an atom of element X has the disposition to decay to an atom of element Y
certain people have a predisposition to colon cancer
children are innately disposed to categorize objects in certain ways.
the cell wall is disposed to filter chemicals in endocytosis and exocytosis
BFO 2 Reference: Dispositions exist along a strength continuum. Weaker forms of disposition are realized in only a fraction of triggering cases. These forms occur in a significant number of cases of a similar type.
b is a disposition means: b is a realizable entity & b’s bearer is some material entity & b is such that if it ceases to exist, then its bearer is physically changed, & b’s realization occurs when and because this bearer is in some special physical circumstances, & this realization occurs in virtue of the bearer’s physical make-up. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [062-002])
If b is a realizable entity then for all t at which b exists, b s-depends_on some material entity at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [063-002])
(forall (x t) (if (and (RealizableEntity x) (existsAt x t)) (exists (y) (and (MaterialEntity y) (specificallyDepends x y t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [063-002]
(forall (x) (if (Disposition x) (and (RealizableEntity x) (exists (y) (and (MaterialEntity y) (bearerOfAt x y t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [062-002]
disposition
b is a disposition means: b is a realizable entity & b’s bearer is some material entity & b is such that if it ceases to exist, then its bearer is physically changed, & b’s realization occurs when and because this bearer is in some special physical circumstances, & this realization occurs in virtue of the bearer’s physical make-up. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [062-002])
If b is a realizable entity then for all t at which b exists, b s-depends_on some material entity at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [063-002])
(forall (x t) (if (and (RealizableEntity x) (existsAt x t)) (exists (y) (and (MaterialEntity y) (specificallyDepends x y t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [063-002]
(forall (x) (if (Disposition x) (and (RealizableEntity x) (exists (y) (and (MaterialEntity y) (bearerOfAt x y t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [062-002]
realizable
RealizableEntity
the disposition of this piece of metal to conduct electricity.
the disposition of your blood to coagulate
the function of your reproductive organs
the role of being a doctor
the role of this boundary to delineate where Utah and Colorado meet
To say that b is a realizable entity is to say that b is a specifically dependent continuant that inheres in some independent continuant which is not a spatial region and is of a type instances of which are realized in processes of a correlated type. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [058-002])
All realizable dependent continuants have independent continuants that are not spatial regions as their bearers. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [060-002])
(forall (x t) (if (RealizableEntity x) (exists (y) (and (IndependentContinuant y) (not (SpatialRegion y)) (bearerOfAt y x t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [060-002]
(forall (x) (if (RealizableEntity x) (and (SpecificallyDependentContinuant x) (exists (y) (and (IndependentContinuant y) (not (SpatialRegion y)) (inheresIn x y)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [058-002]
realizable entity
To say that b is a realizable entity is to say that b is a specifically dependent continuant that inheres in some independent continuant which is not a spatial region and is of a type instances of which are realized in processes of a correlated type. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [058-002])
All realizable dependent continuants have independent continuants that are not spatial regions as their bearers. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [060-002])
(forall (x t) (if (RealizableEntity x) (exists (y) (and (IndependentContinuant y) (not (SpatialRegion y)) (bearerOfAt y x t))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [060-002]
(forall (x) (if (RealizableEntity x) (and (SpecificallyDependentContinuant x) (exists (y) (and (IndependentContinuant y) (not (SpatialRegion y)) (inheresIn x y)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [058-002]
0d-s-region
ZeroDimensionalSpatialRegion
A zero-dimensional spatial region is a point in space. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [037-001])
(forall (x) (if (ZeroDimensionalSpatialRegion x) (SpatialRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [037-001]
zero-dimensional spatial region
A zero-dimensional spatial region is a point in space. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [037-001])
(forall (x) (if (ZeroDimensionalSpatialRegion x) (SpatialRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [037-001]
quality
Quality
the ambient temperature of this portion of air
the color of a tomato
the length of the circumference of your waist
the mass of this piece of gold.
the shape of your nose
the shape of your nostril
a quality is a specifically dependent continuant that, in contrast to roles and dispositions, does not require any further process in order to be realized. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [055-001])
If an entity is a quality at any time that it exists, then it is a quality at every time that it exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [105-001])
(forall (x) (if (Quality x) (SpecificallyDependentContinuant x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [055-001]
(forall (x) (if (exists (t) (and (existsAt x t) (Quality x))) (forall (t_1) (if (existsAt x t_1) (Quality x))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [105-001]
quality
a quality is a specifically dependent continuant that, in contrast to roles and dispositions, does not require any further process in order to be realized. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [055-001])
If an entity is a quality at any time that it exists, then it is a quality at every time that it exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [105-001])
(forall (x) (if (Quality x) (SpecificallyDependentContinuant x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [055-001]
(forall (x) (if (exists (t) (and (existsAt x t) (Quality x))) (forall (t_1) (if (existsAt x t_1) (Quality x))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [105-001]
sdc
SpecificallyDependentContinuant
Reciprocal specifically dependent continuants: the function of this key to open this lock and the mutually dependent disposition of this lock: to be opened by this key
of one-sided specifically dependent continuants: the mass of this tomato
of relational dependent continuants (multiple bearers): John’s love for Mary, the ownership relation between John and this statue, the relation of authority between John and his subordinates.
the disposition of this fish to decay
the function of this heart: to pump blood
the mutual dependence of proton donors and acceptors in chemical reactions [79
the mutual dependence of the role predator and the role prey as played by two organisms in a given interaction
the pink color of a medium rare piece of grilled filet mignon at its center
the role of being a doctor
the shape of this hole.
the smell of this portion of mozzarella
b is a relational specifically dependent continuant = Def. b is a specifically dependent continuant and there are n > 1 independent continuants c1, … cn which are not spatial regions are such that for all 1 i < j n, ci and cj share no common parts, are such that for each 1 i n, b s-depends_on ci at every time t during the course of b’s existence (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [131-004])
b is a specifically dependent continuant = Def. b is a continuant & there is some independent continuant c which is not a spatial region and which is such that b s-depends_on c at every time t during the course of b’s existence. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [050-003])
Specifically dependent continuant doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. We're not sure what else will develop here, but for example there are questions such as what are promises, obligation, etc.
(iff (RelationalSpecificallyDependentContinuant a) (and (SpecificallyDependentContinuant a) (forall (t) (exists (b c) (and (not (SpatialRegion b)) (not (SpatialRegion c)) (not (= b c)) (not (exists (d) (and (continuantPartOfAt d b t) (continuantPartOfAt d c t)))) (specificallyDependsOnAt a b t) (specificallyDependsOnAt a c t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [131-004]
(iff (SpecificallyDependentContinuant a) (and (Continuant a) (forall (t) (if (existsAt a t) (exists (b) (and (IndependentContinuant b) (not (SpatialRegion b)) (specificallyDependsOnAt a b t))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [050-003]
specifically dependent continuant
b is a relational specifically dependent continuant = Def. b is a specifically dependent continuant and there are n > 1 independent continuants c1, … cn which are not spatial regions are such that for all 1 i < j n, ci and cj share no common parts, are such that for each 1 i n, b s-depends_on ci at every time t during the course of b’s existence (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [131-004])
b is a specifically dependent continuant = Def. b is a continuant & there is some independent continuant c which is not a spatial region and which is such that b s-depends_on c at every time t during the course of b’s existence. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [050-003])
Specifically dependent continuant doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. We're not sure what else will develop here, but for example there are questions such as what are promises, obligation, etc.
per discussion with Barry Smith
(iff (RelationalSpecificallyDependentContinuant a) (and (SpecificallyDependentContinuant a) (forall (t) (exists (b c) (and (not (SpatialRegion b)) (not (SpatialRegion c)) (not (= b c)) (not (exists (d) (and (continuantPartOfAt d b t) (continuantPartOfAt d c t)))) (specificallyDependsOnAt a b t) (specificallyDependsOnAt a c t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [131-004]
(iff (SpecificallyDependentContinuant a) (and (Continuant a) (forall (t) (if (existsAt a t) (exists (b) (and (IndependentContinuant b) (not (SpatialRegion b)) (specificallyDependsOnAt a b t))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [050-003]
role
Role
John’s role of husband to Mary is dependent on Mary’s role of wife to John, and both are dependent on the object aggregate comprising John and Mary as member parts joined together through the relational quality of being married.
the priest role
the role of a boundary to demarcate two neighboring administrative territories
the role of a building in serving as a military target
the role of a stone in marking a property boundary
the role of subject in a clinical trial
the student role
BFO 2 Reference: One major family of examples of non-rigid universals involves roles, and ontologies developed for corresponding administrative purposes may consist entirely of representatives of entities of this sort. Thus ‘professor’, defined as follows,b instance_of professor at t =Def. there is some c, c instance_of professor role & c inheres_in b at t.denotes a non-rigid universal and so also do ‘nurse’, ‘student’, ‘colonel’, ‘taxpayer’, and so forth. (These terms are all, in the jargon of philosophy, phase sortals.) By using role terms in definitions, we can create a BFO conformant treatment of such entities drawing on the fact that, while an instance of professor may be simultaneously an instance of trade union member, no instance of the type professor role is also (at any time) an instance of the type trade union member role (any more than any instance of the type color is at any time an instance of the type length).If an ontology of employment positions should be defined in terms of roles following the above pattern, this enables the ontology to do justice to the fact that individuals instantiate the corresponding universals – professor, sergeant, nurse – only during certain phases in their lives.
b is a role means: b is a realizable entity & b exists because there is some single bearer that is in some special physical, social, or institutional set of circumstances in which this bearer does not have to be& b is not such that, if it ceases to exist, then the physical make-up of the bearer is thereby changed. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [061-001])
(forall (x) (if (Role x) (RealizableEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [061-001]
role
b is a role means: b is a realizable entity & b exists because there is some single bearer that is in some special physical, social, or institutional set of circumstances in which this bearer does not have to be& b is not such that, if it ceases to exist, then the physical make-up of the bearer is thereby changed. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [061-001])
(forall (x) (if (Role x) (RealizableEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [061-001]
fiat-object
FiatObjectPart
or with divisions drawn by cognitive subjects for practical reasons, such as the division of a cake (before slicing) into (what will become) slices (and thus member parts of an object aggregate). However, this does not mean that fiat object parts are dependent for their existence on divisions or delineations effected by cognitive subjects. If, for example, it is correct to conceive geological layers of the Earth as fiat object parts of the Earth, then even though these layers were first delineated in recent times, still existed long before such delineation and what holds of these layers (for example that the oldest layers are also the lowest layers) did not begin to hold because of our acts of delineation.Treatment of material entity in BFOExamples viewed by some as problematic cases for the trichotomy of fiat object part, object, and object aggregate include: a mussel on (and attached to) a rock, a slime mold, a pizza, a cloud, a galaxy, a railway train with engine and multiple carriages, a clonal stand of quaking aspen, a bacterial community (biofilm), a broken femur. Note that, as Aristotle already clearly recognized, such problematic cases – which lie at or near the penumbra of instances defined by the categories in question – need not invalidate these categories. The existence of grey objects does not prove that there are not objects which are black and objects which are white; the existence of mules does not prove that there are not objects which are donkeys and objects which are horses. It does, however, show that the examples in question need to be addressed carefully in order to show how they can be fitted into the proposed scheme, for example by recognizing additional subdivisions [29
the FMA:regional parts of an intact human body.
the Western hemisphere of the Earth
the division of the brain into regions
the division of the planet into hemispheres
the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the body
the upper and lower lobes of the left lung
BFO 2 Reference: Most examples of fiat object parts are associated with theoretically drawn divisions
b is a fiat object part = Def. b is a material entity which is such that for all times t, if b exists at t then there is some object c such that b proper continuant_part of c at t and c is demarcated from the remainder of c by a two-dimensional continuant fiat boundary. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [027-004])
(forall (x) (if (FiatObjectPart x) (and (MaterialEntity x) (forall (t) (if (existsAt x t) (exists (y) (and (Object y) (properContinuantPartOfAt x y t)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [027-004]
fiat object
b is a fiat object part = Def. b is a material entity which is such that for all times t, if b exists at t then there is some object c such that b proper continuant_part of c at t and c is demarcated from the remainder of c by a two-dimensional continuant fiat boundary. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [027-004])
(forall (x) (if (FiatObjectPart x) (and (MaterialEntity x) (forall (t) (if (existsAt x t) (exists (y) (and (Object y) (properContinuantPartOfAt x y t)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [027-004]
1d-s-region
OneDimensionalSpatialRegion
an edge of a cube-shaped portion of space.
A one-dimensional spatial region is a line or aggregate of lines stretching from one point in space to another. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [038-001])
(forall (x) (if (OneDimensionalSpatialRegion x) (SpatialRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [038-001]
one-dimensional spatial region
A one-dimensional spatial region is a line or aggregate of lines stretching from one point in space to another. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [038-001])
(forall (x) (if (OneDimensionalSpatialRegion x) (SpatialRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [038-001]
object-aggregate
ObjectAggregate
a collection of cells in a blood biobank.
a swarm of bees is an aggregate of members who are linked together through natural bonds
a symphony orchestra
an organization is an aggregate whose member parts have roles of specific types (for example in a jazz band, a chess club, a football team)
defined by fiat: the aggregate of members of an organization
defined through physical attachment: the aggregate of atoms in a lump of granite
defined through physical containment: the aggregate of molecules of carbon dioxide in a sealed container
defined via attributive delimitations such as: the patients in this hospital
the aggregate of bearings in a constant velocity axle joint
the aggregate of blood cells in your body
the nitrogen atoms in the atmosphere
the restaurants in Palo Alto
your collection of Meissen ceramic plates.
An entity a is an object aggregate if and only if there is a mutually exhaustive and pairwise disjoint partition of a into objects
BFO 2 Reference: object aggregates may gain and lose parts while remaining numerically identical (one and the same individual) over time. This holds both for aggregates whose membership is determined naturally (the aggregate of cells in your body) and aggregates determined by fiat (a baseball team, a congressional committee).
ISBN:978-3-938793-98-5pp124-158#Thomas Bittner and Barry Smith, 'A Theory of Granular Partitions', in K. Munn and B. Smith (eds.), Applied Ontology: An Introduction, Frankfurt/Lancaster: ontos, 2008, 125-158.
b is an object aggregate means: b is a material entity consisting exactly of a plurality of objects as member_parts at all times at which b exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [025-004])
(forall (x) (if (ObjectAggregate x) (and (MaterialEntity x) (forall (t) (if (existsAt x t) (exists (y z) (and (Object y) (Object z) (memberPartOfAt y x t) (memberPartOfAt z x t) (not (= y z)))))) (not (exists (w t_1) (and (memberPartOfAt w x t_1) (not (Object w)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [025-004]
object aggregate
An entity a is an object aggregate if and only if there is a mutually exhaustive and pairwise disjoint partition of a into objects
An entity a is an object aggregate if and only if there is a mutually exhaustive and pairwise disjoint partition of a into objects
ISBN:978-3-938793-98-5pp124-158#Thomas Bittner and Barry Smith, 'A Theory of Granular Partitions', in K. Munn and B. Smith (eds.), Applied Ontology: An Introduction, Frankfurt/Lancaster: ontos, 2008, 125-158.
b is an object aggregate means: b is a material entity consisting exactly of a plurality of objects as member_parts at all times at which b exists. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [025-004])
(forall (x) (if (ObjectAggregate x) (and (MaterialEntity x) (forall (t) (if (existsAt x t) (exists (y z) (and (Object y) (Object z) (memberPartOfAt y x t) (memberPartOfAt z x t) (not (= y z)))))) (not (exists (w t_1) (and (memberPartOfAt w x t_1) (not (Object w)))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [025-004]
3d-s-region
ThreeDimensionalSpatialRegion
a cube-shaped region of space
a sphere-shaped region of space,
A three-dimensional spatial region is a spatial region that is of three dimensions. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [040-001])
(forall (x) (if (ThreeDimensionalSpatialRegion x) (SpatialRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [040-001]
three-dimensional spatial region
A three-dimensional spatial region is a spatial region that is of three dimensions. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [040-001])
(forall (x) (if (ThreeDimensionalSpatialRegion x) (SpatialRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [040-001]
site
Site
Manhattan Canyon)
a hole in the interior of a portion of cheese
a rabbit hole
an air traffic control region defined in the airspace above an airport
the Grand Canyon
the Piazza San Marco
the cockpit of an aircraft
the hold of a ship
the interior of a kangaroo pouch
the interior of the trunk of your car
the interior of your bedroom
the interior of your office
the interior of your refrigerator
the lumen of your gut
your left nostril (a fiat part – the opening – of your left nasal cavity)
b is a site means: b is a three-dimensional immaterial entity that is (partially or wholly) bounded by a material entity or it is a three-dimensional immaterial part thereof. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [034-002])
(forall (x) (if (Site x) (ImmaterialEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [034-002]
site
b is a site means: b is a three-dimensional immaterial entity that is (partially or wholly) bounded by a material entity or it is a three-dimensional immaterial part thereof. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [034-002])
(forall (x) (if (Site x) (ImmaterialEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [034-002]
object
Object
atom
cell
cells and organisms
engineered artifacts
grain of sand
molecule
organelle
organism
planet
solid portions of matter
star
BFO 2 Reference: BFO rests on the presupposition that at multiple micro-, meso- and macroscopic scales reality exhibits certain stable, spatially separated or separable material units, combined or combinable into aggregates of various sorts (for example organisms into what are called ‘populations’). Such units play a central role in almost all domains of natural science from particle physics to cosmology. Many scientific laws govern the units in question, employing general terms (such as ‘molecule’ or ‘planet’) referring to the types and subtypes of units, and also to the types and subtypes of the processes through which such units develop and interact. The division of reality into such natural units is at the heart of biological science, as also is the fact that these units may form higher-level units (as cells form multicellular organisms) and that they may also form aggregates of units, for example as cells form portions of tissue and organs form families, herds, breeds, species, and so on. At the same time, the division of certain portions of reality into engineered units (manufactured artifacts) is the basis of modern industrial technology, which rests on the distributed mass production of engineered parts through division of labor and on their assembly into larger, compound units such as cars and laptops. The division of portions of reality into units is one starting point for the phenomenon of counting.
BFO 2 Reference: Each object is such that there are entities of which we can assert unproblematically that they lie in its interior, and other entities of which we can assert unproblematically that they lie in its exterior. This may not be so for entities lying at or near the boundary between the interior and exterior. This means that two objects – for example the two cells depicted in Figure 3 – may be such that there are material entities crossing their boundaries which belong determinately to neither cell. Something similar obtains in certain cases of conjoined twins (see below).
BFO 2 Reference: To say that b is causally unified means: b is a material entity which is such that its material parts are tied together in such a way that, in environments typical for entities of the type in question,if c, a continuant part of b that is in the interior of b at t, is larger than a certain threshold size (which will be determined differently from case to case, depending on factors such as porosity of external cover) and is moved in space to be at t at a location on the exterior of the spatial region that had been occupied by b at t, then either b’s other parts will be moved in coordinated fashion or b will be damaged (be affected, for example, by breakage or tearing) in the interval between t and t.causal changes in one part of b can have consequences for other parts of b without the mediation of any entity that lies on the exterior of b. Material entities with no proper material parts would satisfy these conditions trivially. Candidate examples of types of causal unity for material entities of more complex sorts are as follows (this is not intended to be an exhaustive list):CU1: Causal unity via physical coveringHere the parts in the interior of the unified entity are combined together causally through a common membrane or other physical covering\. The latter points outwards toward and may serve a protective function in relation to what lies on the exterior of the entity [13, 47
BFO 2 Reference: an object is a maximal causally unified material entity
BFO 2 Reference: ‘objects’ are sometimes referred to as ‘grains’ [74
b is an object means: b is a material entity which manifests causal unity of one or other of the types CUn listed above & is of a type (a material universal) instances of which are maximal relative to this criterion of causal unity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [024-001])
object
b is an object means: b is a material entity which manifests causal unity of one or other of the types CUn listed above & is of a type (a material universal) instances of which are maximal relative to this criterion of causal unity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [024-001])
gdc
GenericallyDependentContinuant
The entries in your database are patterns instantiated as quality instances in your hard drive. The database itself is an aggregate of such patterns. When you create the database you create a particular instance of the generically dependent continuant type database. Each entry in the database is an instance of the generically dependent continuant type IAO: information content entity.
the pdf file on your laptop, the pdf file that is a copy thereof on my laptop
the sequence of this protein molecule; the sequence that is a copy thereof in that protein molecule.
b is a generically dependent continuant = Def. b is a continuant that g-depends_on one or more other entities. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [074-001])
(iff (GenericallyDependentContinuant a) (and (Continuant a) (exists (b t) (genericallyDependsOnAt a b t)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [074-001]
generically dependent continuant
b is a generically dependent continuant = Def. b is a continuant that g-depends_on one or more other entities. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [074-001])
(iff (GenericallyDependentContinuant a) (and (Continuant a) (exists (b t) (genericallyDependsOnAt a b t)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [074-001]
function
Function
the function of a hammer to drive in nails
the function of a heart pacemaker to regulate the beating of a heart through electricity
the function of amylase in saliva to break down starch into sugar
BFO 2 Reference: In the past, we have distinguished two varieties of function, artifactual function and biological function. These are not asserted subtypes of BFO:function however, since the same function – for example: to pump, to transport – can exist both in artifacts and in biological entities. The asserted subtypes of function that would be needed in order to yield a separate monoheirarchy are not artifactual function, biological function, etc., but rather transporting function, pumping function, etc.
A function is a disposition that exists in virtue of the bearer’s physical make-up and this physical make-up is something the bearer possesses because it came into being, either through evolution (in the case of natural biological entities) or through intentional design (in the case of artifacts), in order to realize processes of a certain sort. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [064-001])
(forall (x) (if (Function x) (Disposition x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [064-001]
function
A function is a disposition that exists in virtue of the bearer’s physical make-up and this physical make-up is something the bearer possesses because it came into being, either through evolution (in the case of natural biological entities) or through intentional design (in the case of artifacts), in order to realize processes of a certain sort. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [064-001])
(forall (x) (if (Function x) (Disposition x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [064-001]
p-boundary
ProcessBoundary
the boundary between the 2nd and 3rd year of your life.
p is a process boundary =Def. p is a temporal part of a process & p has no proper temporal parts. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [084-001])
Every process boundary occupies_temporal_region a zero-dimensional temporal region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [085-002])
(forall (x) (if (ProcessBoundary x) (exists (y) (and (ZeroDimensionalTemporalRegion y) (occupiesTemporalRegion x y))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [085-002]
(iff (ProcessBoundary a) (exists (p) (and (Process p) (temporalPartOf a p) (not (exists (b) (properTemporalPartOf b a)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [084-001]
process boundary
p is a process boundary =Def. p is a temporal part of a process & p has no proper temporal parts. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [084-001])
Every process boundary occupies_temporal_region a zero-dimensional temporal region. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [085-002])
(forall (x) (if (ProcessBoundary x) (exists (y) (and (ZeroDimensionalTemporalRegion y) (occupiesTemporalRegion x y))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [085-002]
(iff (ProcessBoundary a) (exists (p) (and (Process p) (temporalPartOf a p) (not (exists (b) (properTemporalPartOf b a)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [084-001]
1d-t-region
OneDimensionalTemporalRegion
the temporal region during which a process occurs.
BFO 2 Reference: A temporal interval is a special kind of one-dimensional temporal region, namely one that is self-connected (is without gaps or breaks).
A one-dimensional temporal region is a temporal region that is extended. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [103-001])
(forall (x) (if (OneDimensionalTemporalRegion x) (TemporalRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [103-001]
one-dimensional temporal region
A one-dimensional temporal region is a temporal region that is extended. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [103-001])
(forall (x) (if (OneDimensionalTemporalRegion x) (TemporalRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [103-001]
material
MaterialEntity
a flame
a forest fire
a human being
a hurricane
a photon
a puff of smoke
a sea wave
a tornado
an aggregate of human beings.
an energy wave
an epidemic
the undetached arm of a human being
BFO 2 Reference: Material entities (continuants) can preserve their identity even while gaining and losing material parts. Continuants are contrasted with occurrents, which unfold themselves in successive temporal parts or phases [60
BFO 2 Reference: Object, Fiat Object Part and Object Aggregate are not intended to be exhaustive of Material Entity. Users are invited to propose new subcategories of Material Entity.
BFO 2 Reference: ‘Matter’ is intended to encompass both mass and energy (we will address the ontological treatment of portions of energy in a later version of BFO). A portion of matter is anything that includes elementary particles among its proper or improper parts: quarks and leptons, including electrons, as the smallest particles thus far discovered; baryons (including protons and neutrons) at a higher level of granularity; atoms and molecules at still higher levels, forming the cells, organs, organisms and other material entities studied by biologists, the portions of rock studied by geologists, the fossils studied by paleontologists, and so on.Material entities are three-dimensional entities (entities extended in three spatial dimensions), as contrasted with the processes in which they participate, which are four-dimensional entities (entities extended also along the dimension of time).According to the FMA, material entities may have immaterial entities as parts – including the entities identified below as sites; for example the interior (or ‘lumen’) of your small intestine is a part of your body. BFO 2.0 embodies a decision to follow the FMA here.
A material entity is an independent continuant that has some portion of matter as proper or improper continuant part. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [019-002])
Every entity which has a material entity as continuant part is a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [020-002])
every entity of which a material entity is continuant part is also a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [021-002])
(forall (x) (if (MaterialEntity x) (IndependentContinuant x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [019-002]
(forall (x) (if (and (Entity x) (exists (y t) (and (MaterialEntity y) (continuantPartOfAt x y t)))) (MaterialEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [021-002]
(forall (x) (if (and (Entity x) (exists (y t) (and (MaterialEntity y) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)))) (MaterialEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [020-002]
material entity
A material entity is an independent continuant that has some portion of matter as proper or improper continuant part. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [019-002])
Every entity which has a material entity as continuant part is a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [020-002])
every entity of which a material entity is continuant part is also a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [021-002])
(forall (x) (if (MaterialEntity x) (IndependentContinuant x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [019-002]
(forall (x) (if (and (Entity x) (exists (y t) (and (MaterialEntity y) (continuantPartOfAt x y t)))) (MaterialEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [021-002]
(forall (x) (if (and (Entity x) (exists (y t) (and (MaterialEntity y) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)))) (MaterialEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [020-002]
cf-boundary
ContinuantFiatBoundary
b is a continuant fiat boundary = Def. b is an immaterial entity that is of zero, one or two dimensions and does not include a spatial region as part. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [029-001])
BFO 2 Reference: In BFO 1.1 the assumption was made that the external surface of a material entity such as a cell could be treated as if it were a boundary in the mathematical sense. The new document propounds the view that when we talk about external surfaces of material objects in this way then we are talking about something fiat. To be dealt with in a future version: fiat boundaries at different levels of granularity.More generally, the focus in discussion of boundaries in BFO 2.0 is now on fiat boundaries, which means: boundaries for which there is no assumption that they coincide with physical discontinuities. The ontology of boundaries becomes more closely allied with the ontology of regions.
BFO 2 Reference: a continuant fiat boundary is a boundary of some material entity (for example: the plane separating the Northern and Southern hemispheres; the North Pole), or it is a boundary of some immaterial entity (for example of some portion of airspace). Three basic kinds of continuant fiat boundary can be distinguished (together with various combination kinds [29
Continuant fiat boundary doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. An example would be the mereological sum of two-dimensional continuant fiat boundary and a one dimensional continuant fiat boundary that doesn't overlap it. The situation is analogous to temporal and spatial regions.
Every continuant fiat boundary is located at some spatial region at every time at which it exists
(iff (ContinuantFiatBoundary a) (and (ImmaterialEntity a) (exists (b) (and (or (ZeroDimensionalSpatialRegion b) (OneDimensionalSpatialRegion b) (TwoDimensionalSpatialRegion b)) (forall (t) (locatedInAt a b t)))) (not (exists (c t) (and (SpatialRegion c) (continuantPartOfAt c a t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [029-001]
continuant fiat boundary
b is a continuant fiat boundary = Def. b is an immaterial entity that is of zero, one or two dimensions and does not include a spatial region as part. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [029-001])
Continuant fiat boundary doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. An example would be the mereological sum of two-dimensional continuant fiat boundary and a one dimensional continuant fiat boundary that doesn't overlap it. The situation is analogous to temporal and spatial regions.
(iff (ContinuantFiatBoundary a) (and (ImmaterialEntity a) (exists (b) (and (or (ZeroDimensionalSpatialRegion b) (OneDimensionalSpatialRegion b) (TwoDimensionalSpatialRegion b)) (forall (t) (locatedInAt a b t)))) (not (exists (c t) (and (SpatialRegion c) (continuantPartOfAt c a t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [029-001]
immaterial
ImmaterialEntity
BFO 2 Reference: Immaterial entities are divided into two subgroups:boundaries and sites, which bound, or are demarcated in relation, to material entities, and which can thus change location, shape and size and as their material hosts move or change shape or size (for example: your nasal passage; the hold of a ship; the boundary of Wales (which moves with the rotation of the Earth) [38, 7, 10
immaterial entity
1d-cf-boundary
OneDimensionalContinuantFiatBoundary
The Equator
all geopolitical boundaries
all lines of latitude and longitude
the line separating the outer surface of the mucosa of the lower lip from the outer surface of the skin of the chin.
the median sulcus of your tongue
a one-dimensional continuant fiat boundary is a continuous fiat line whose location is defined in relation to some material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [032-001])
(iff (OneDimensionalContinuantFiatBoundary a) (and (ContinuantFiatBoundary a) (exists (b) (and (OneDimensionalSpatialRegion b) (forall (t) (locatedInAt a b t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [032-001]
one-dimensional continuant fiat boundary
a one-dimensional continuant fiat boundary is a continuous fiat line whose location is defined in relation to some material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [032-001])
(iff (OneDimensionalContinuantFiatBoundary a) (and (ContinuantFiatBoundary a) (exists (b) (and (OneDimensionalSpatialRegion b) (forall (t) (locatedInAt a b t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [032-001]
process-profile
ProcessProfile
On a somewhat higher level of complexity are what we shall call rate process profiles, which are the targets of selective abstraction focused not on determinate quality magnitudes plotted over time, but rather on certain ratios between these magnitudes and elapsed times. A speed process profile, for example, is represented by a graph plotting against time the ratio of distance covered per unit of time. Since rates may change, and since such changes, too, may have rates of change, we have to deal here with a hierarchy of process profile universals at successive levels
One important sub-family of rate process profiles is illustrated by the beat or frequency profiles of cyclical processes, illustrated by the 60 beats per minute beating process of John’s heart, or the 120 beats per minute drumming process involved in one of John’s performances in a rock band, and so on. Each such process includes what we shall call a beat process profile instance as part, a subtype of rate process profile in which the salient ratio is not distance covered but rather number of beat cycles per unit of time. Each beat process profile instance instantiates the determinable universal beat process profile. But it also instantiates multiple more specialized universals at lower levels of generality, selected from rate process profilebeat process profileregular beat process profile3 bpm beat process profile4 bpm beat process profileirregular beat process profileincreasing beat process profileand so on.In the case of a regular beat process profile, a rate can be assigned in the simplest possible fashion by dividing the number of cycles by the length of the temporal region occupied by the beating process profile as a whole. Irregular process profiles of this sort, for example as identified in the clinic, or in the readings on an aircraft instrument panel, are often of diagnostic significance.
The simplest type of process profiles are what we shall call ‘quality process profiles’, which are the process profiles which serve as the foci of the sort of selective abstraction that is involved when measurements are made of changes in single qualities, as illustrated, for example, by process profiles of mass, temperature, aortic pressure, and so on.
b is a process_profile =Def. there is some process c such that b process_profile_of c (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [093-002])
b process_profile_of c holds when b proper_occurrent_part_of c& there is some proper_occurrent_part d of c which has no parts in common with b & is mutually dependent on b& is such that b, c and d occupy the same temporal region (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [094-005])
(forall (x y) (if (processProfileOf x y) (and (properContinuantPartOf x y) (exists (z t) (and (properOccurrentPartOf z y) (TemporalRegion t) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion x t) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion y t) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion z t) (not (exists (w) (and (occurrentPartOf w x) (occurrentPartOf w z))))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [094-005]
(iff (ProcessProfile a) (exists (b) (and (Process b) (processProfileOf a b)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [093-002]
process profile
b is a process_profile =Def. there is some process c such that b process_profile_of c (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [093-002])
b process_profile_of c holds when b proper_occurrent_part_of c& there is some proper_occurrent_part d of c which has no parts in common with b & is mutually dependent on b& is such that b, c and d occupy the same temporal region (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [094-005])
(forall (x y) (if (processProfileOf x y) (and (properContinuantPartOf x y) (exists (z t) (and (properOccurrentPartOf z y) (TemporalRegion t) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion x t) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion y t) (occupiesSpatioTemporalRegion z t) (not (exists (w) (and (occurrentPartOf w x) (occurrentPartOf w z))))))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [094-005]
(iff (ProcessProfile a) (exists (b) (and (Process b) (processProfileOf a b)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [093-002]
r-quality
RelationalQuality
John’s role of husband to Mary is dependent on Mary’s role of wife to John, and both are dependent on the object aggregate comprising John and Mary as member parts joined together through the relational quality of being married.
a marriage bond, an instance of love, an obligation between one person and another.
b is a relational quality = Def. for some independent continuants c, d and for some time t: b quality_of c at t & b quality_of d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [057-001])
(iff (RelationalQuality a) (exists (b c t) (and (IndependentContinuant b) (IndependentContinuant c) (qualityOfAt a b t) (qualityOfAt a c t)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [057-001]
relational quality
2
b is a relational quality = Def. for some independent continuants c, d and for some time t: b quality_of c at t & b quality_of d at t. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [057-001])
(iff (RelationalQuality a) (exists (b c t) (and (IndependentContinuant b) (IndependentContinuant c) (qualityOfAt a b t) (qualityOfAt a c t)))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [057-001]
2d-cf-boundary
TwoDimensionalContinuantFiatBoundary
a two-dimensional continuant fiat boundary (surface) is a self-connected fiat surface whose location is defined in relation to some material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [033-001])
(iff (TwoDimensionalContinuantFiatBoundary a) (and (ContinuantFiatBoundary a) (exists (b) (and (TwoDimensionalSpatialRegion b) (forall (t) (locatedInAt a b t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [033-001]
two-dimensional continuant fiat boundary
a two-dimensional continuant fiat boundary (surface) is a self-connected fiat surface whose location is defined in relation to some material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [033-001])
(iff (TwoDimensionalContinuantFiatBoundary a) (and (ContinuantFiatBoundary a) (exists (b) (and (TwoDimensionalSpatialRegion b) (forall (t) (locatedInAt a b t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [033-001]
0d-cf-boundary
ZeroDimensionalContinuantFiatBoundary
the geographic North Pole
the point of origin of some spatial coordinate system.
the quadripoint where the boundaries of Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona meet
zero dimension continuant fiat boundaries are not spatial points. Considering the example 'the quadripoint where the boundaries of Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona meet' : There are many frames in which that point is zooming through many points in space. Whereas, no matter what the frame, the quadripoint is always in the same relation to the boundaries of Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona.
a zero-dimensional continuant fiat boundary is a fiat point whose location is defined in relation to some material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [031-001])
(iff (ZeroDimensionalContinuantFiatBoundary a) (and (ContinuantFiatBoundary a) (exists (b) (and (ZeroDimensionalSpatialRegion b) (forall (t) (locatedInAt a b t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [031-001]
zero-dimensional continuant fiat boundary
zero dimension continuant fiat boundaries are not spatial points. Considering the example 'the quadripoint where the boundaries of Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona meet' : There are many frames in which that point is zooming through many points in space. Whereas, no matter what the frame, the quadripoint is always in the same relation to the boundaries of Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona.
requested by Melanie Courtot
a zero-dimensional continuant fiat boundary is a fiat point whose location is defined in relation to some material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [031-001])
(iff (ZeroDimensionalContinuantFiatBoundary a) (and (ContinuantFiatBoundary a) (exists (b) (and (ZeroDimensionalSpatialRegion b) (forall (t) (locatedInAt a b t)))))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [031-001]
0d-t-region
ZeroDimensionalTemporalRegion
a temporal region that is occupied by a process boundary
right now
the moment at which a child is born
the moment at which a finger is detached in an industrial accident
the moment of death.
temporal instant.
A zero-dimensional temporal region is a temporal region that is without extent. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [102-001])
(forall (x) (if (ZeroDimensionalTemporalRegion x) (TemporalRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [102-001]
zero-dimensional temporal region
A zero-dimensional temporal region is a temporal region that is without extent. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [102-001])
(forall (x) (if (ZeroDimensionalTemporalRegion x) (TemporalRegion x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [102-001]
history
History
A history is a process that is the sum of the totality of processes taking place in the spatiotemporal region occupied by a material entity or site, including processes on the surface of the entity or within the cavities to which it serves as host. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [138-001])
history
A history is a process that is the sum of the totality of processes taking place in the spatiotemporal region occupied by a material entity or site, including processes on the surface of the entity or within the cavities to which it serves as host. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [138-001])
An endocarditis caused by bacterial infection.
bacterial endocarditis
An endocarditis caused by viral infection.
viral endocarditis
An endocarditis caused by fungal infection.
fungal endocarditis
A disorder located in the heart.
heart disorder
A disorder always located in a blood vessel.
vascular disorder
A disorder always located in the endocardium.
endocardium disorder
A disorder always located in the pericardium.
Since the pericardium is not a part of the heart according to FMA, pericardium disorder is not classified as a heart disorder.
pericardium disorder
A pericarditis caused by an infection.
infectious pericarditis
A pericarditis caused by a bacterial infection.
bacterial pericarditis
A pericarditis caused by a viral infection.
viral pericarditis
A pericarditis caused by a fungal infection.
fungal pericarditis
protozoal pericarditis
A pathological process involving or occuring in the heart.
heart pathological process
A pathological process involving or occuring in the pericardium.
pericardium pathological process
A pericarditis that has an acute disease course.
acute pericarditis
A pericarditis that has a chronic disease course.
chronic pericarditis
atrioventricular block (disease)
first degree atrioventricular block (disease)
Mobitz I second degree atrioventricular block (disease)
complete heart block
third degree atrioventricular block (disease)
A disorder always loacted in the conducting tissue of the heart.
heart conduction disorder
impaired atrioventricular node
impaired right branch of atrioventricular bundle
bundle of Kent
sinoatrial block (disease)
Wenckebach block
Mobitz I second degree sinoatrial block (disease)
sinus exit block
Mobitz II second degree sinoatrial block (disease)
first degree sinoatrial block (disease)
third degree sinoatrial block (disease)
impaired sinoatrial node
heart block (disease)
impaired posterior division of left branch of atrioventricular bundle
left posterior fascicular block (disease)
infra-hisian block (disease)
left bundle branch block (disease)
A heart conduction disease characterized by cardiac arrhythmia processes.
Usual medical language does not differentiate the disease and the corresponding pathological process for the different kinds of cardiac arrhythmias. CVDO distinguishes them explicitly with the suffix '(disease)' or '(process)'.
cardiac arrhythmia (disease)
atrial fibrillation (disease)
atrial fibrillation (process)
atrial flutter (disease)
cavotricuspid isthmus dependant macroreentry tachycardia
type I atrial flutter
common atrial flutter (disease)
A pathological process of fibrosis of the cardiac atrium.
cardiac atrium fibrosis
supraventricular tachycardia (process)
bradycardia (disease)
bradycardia (process)
premature atrial contraction (disease)
left anterior fascicle
A disorder always located in a heart valve.
heart valve disorder
wandering pacemaker
A disease affecting the tricuspid valve of the heart.
tricuspid valve disease
A degenerated structure in a mitral valve leaflet due to myxomatous proliferation.
myxomatous degenerated structure in a mitral valve leaflet
A heart pathological process that has a heart valve as a participant.
This class should not be confused with 'heart valve pathological process', which are pathological processes occurring in a heart valve, rather than pathological process having as participant a heart valve.
heart pathological process involving a heart valve
mitral valve leaflet displacement into the left atrium during left ventricular systole
tricuspid valve leaflet displacement into the right atrium during right ventricular systole
aortic valve leaflet displacement into the left ventricle during left ventricular diastole
heart valve leaflet displacement into a cardiac chamber during ventricular systole
mitral valve improper close during left ventricular systole
retrograd blood flow through mitral valve during left ventricular systole
retrograd blood flow through pulmonary valve during right ventricular diastole
pulmonary valve improper close during right ventricular diastole
tricuspid valve improper close during right ventricular systole
aortic valve improper close during left ventricular diastole
retrograd blood flow through tricuspid valve during right ventricular systole
retrograd blood flow through aortic valve during left ventricular diastole
disturbed anterograd blood flow through mitral valve during left ventricular diastole
retrograd blood flow through a heart valve
disturbed anterograd blood flow through a heart valve
disturbed anterograd blood flow through tricuspid valve during right ventricular diastole
disturbed anterograd blood flow through pulmonary valve during right ventricular systole
disturbed anterograd blood flow through aortic valve during left ventricular systole
A disease in which some disorder of a heart valve prevents it from opening properly, occasioning disturbance in the anterograd blood flow through the valve.
heart valve stenosis
impaired cardiac output
pressure
blood pressure
A pathological process of highly pressured aerterial blood flow.
highly pressured arterial blood flow
A disease in which an abnormal structure in a heart valve prevents it to close propertly, occasioning a retrograd blood flow through the valve.
heart valve insufficiency
A pathological process of a heart valve closing improperly.
heart valve improper close
A disorder always located in a vein.
vein disorder
A pathological process involving or occuring in a blood vessel.
vascular pathological process
A pathological process of formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood.
thrombosis
A thrombosis occurring in a deep vein.
deep vein thrombosis
A pathological process of an artery hardening.
artery hardening
A pathological process of formation of atheromous plaques in an artery.
atheromous plaque formation in artery
A pathological process of lodging of an embolus in a blood vessel.
embolism
A disorder of localized, blood-filled balloon-like bulge in the wall of a blood vessel.
aneurysm (disorder)
ischemic disease
compression disease
An atrial fibrillation disease that is characterized by an atrial fibrillation episode longer than 7 days which does not terminate by cardioversion.
permanent atrial fibrillation
A pathological process of dilatation of the myocardium of a right cardiac ventricle.
right ventricular myocardium dilatation
A pathological process of an aneurysm rupturing.
aneurysm rupture
A disorder always located in the mycoardium.
myocardium disorder
A cardiomyopathy whose etiological process includes a stressful or emotional situation, characterized by transient ventricular apical wall motion abnormalities (ballooning).
Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy is not a dilated cardiomyopathy in Elliott et al.'s (2008) classification.
Tako Tsubo cardiomyopathy
"A cardiomyopathy characterized by prominent left ventricular trabeculae and deep inter-trabecular recesses. The myocardial wall is often thickened with a thin, compacted epicardial layer and a thickened endocardial layer." (Elliott et al., 2008)
noncompaction cardiomyopathy
left ventricular noncompaction
A hypertrophic cardiomyopathy that has a genetic origin.
genetic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
A disease affecting the pericardium.
Since pericardium is not a part of heart according to FMA, pericardium disease is not classified as a heart disease.
pericardium disease
This is a dummy class not intended to be included in CVDO's final version, used to store temporarily DOID's vascular diseases that may be reclassified in the future.
vascular disease - unclassified by CVDO
A pathological process occuring in a cardiac atrium.
cardiac atrium pathological process
A pathological process occurring in a cardiac ventricle.
cardiac ventricle pathological process
A pathological process constituted by a thrombosis (creating a blood clot) and a subsequent embolism (involving the blood clot as the embolus).
thromboembolism
A necrosis of a tissue caused by a local lack of oxygen, due to an obstruction of the tissue's blood supply.
infarction
pulmonary valve leaflet displacement into the right ventricle during right ventricular diastole
A pathological process involving the blood circuation in the heart.
cardiac blood circulation pathological process
A pathological process involving the blood circulation in a blood vessel.
vascular blood circulation pathological process
part of atrial myocardium with impaired conduction
diabetic microangiopathy
diabetic macroangiopathy
A pathological process consisting in the formation of atheromous plaques in a coronary artery. It may lead to a coronary stenosis.
atheromous plaque formation in coronary artery
A coronary heart disease due to a coronary stenosis.
atherosclerotic coronary heart disease
A pathological process of dilatation of the myocardium of a left cardiac ventricle.
left ventricular myocardium dilatation
supraventricular tachycardia (disease)
left atrial flutter (disease)
right atrial flutter (disease)
junctional tachycardia (disease)
atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (disease)
atrial flutter (process)
ventricular fibrillation (process)
junctional tachycardia (process)
premature atrial contraction (process)
A pathological process involving the electrical activity of the heart.
cardiac arrhythmia (process)
heart block (process)
atrioventricular block (process)
infra-hisian block (process)
sinoatrial block (process)
Mobitz I second degree atrioventricular block (process)
Mobitz II second degree atrioventricular block (process)
first degree atrioventricular block (process)
third degree atrioventricular block (process)
left anterior fascicular block (process)
left bundle branch block (process)
left posterior fascicular block (process)
right bundle branch block (process)
Mobitz I second degree sinoatrial block (process)
Mobitz II second degree sinoatrial block (process)
first degree sinoatrial block (process)
third degree sinoatrial block (process)
A disorder always located in a coronary artery.
coronary artery disorder
A pathological process of dilatation of the myocardium of a cardiac ventricle.
ventricular myocardium dilatation
A pathological process of hypertrophy of the myocardium of a cardiac ventricle.
ventricular myocardium hypertrophy
A pathological process of hypertrophy of the myocardium of a left cardiac ventricle.
left ventricular myocardium hypertrophy
A pathological process of hypertrophy of the myocardium of a right cardiac ventricle.
right ventricular myocardium hypertrophy
A pathological process of an organ or part of organ getting inflamed.
pathological inflammation process
An inflammation process occurring in the myocardium.
inflammation process in a myocardium
An inflammation process occurring in the endocardium.
inflammation process in an endocardium
An inflammation process occurring in the pericardium.
inflammation process in a pericardium
An inflammation process occurring in the aorta.
inflammation process in aorta
An inflammation process in a blood vessel.
inflammation process in a blood vessel
An inflammation process occurring in the femoral vein.
inflammation process in a femoral vein
An inflammation process occurring in an iliac vein.
inflammation process in an iliac vein
An inflammation of the retinal artery.
inflammation process in a retinal artery
An inflammation process occurring in a vein.
inflammation process in a vein
A pathological process of fibrofatty replacement in the myocardium of the right cardiac ventricle.
fibrofatty replacement in a right ventricular myocardium
A disorder of degenerated structure in a heart valve leaflet.
degenerated structure in a heart valve leaflet
A disorder of degenerated structure in an aortic valve leaflet.
degenerated structure in an aortic valve leaflet
A disorder of degenerated structure in a mitral valve leaflet.
degenerated structure in a mitral valve leaflet
A (clinically abnormal) degenerated structure in a tricuspid valve leaflet.
degenerated structure in a tricuspid valve leaflet
A disorder of degenerated structure in a pulmonary valve leaflet.
degenerated structure in a pulmonary valve leaflet
A mitral valve prolapse due to myxomatous proliferation in the mitral valve.
Barlow's syndrome
A pathological process consisting in the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity.
A process of pericardial effusion leads to the disorder 'fluid in the pericardial cavity'.
fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity
An ischemic cardiomyopathy due to coronary stenosis.
atherosclerotic ischemic cardiomyopathy
An atrial fibrillation disease that is characterized by an atrial fibrillation episode shorter than 7 days.
paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
An atrial fibrillation disease that is characterized by an atrial fibrillation episode longer than 7 days which does terminate by cardioversion.
persistent atrial fibrillation
premature contraction (process)
premature junctional contraction (process)
premature ventricular contraction (process)
sinus pause
sinoatrial arrest (process)
sinus bradycardia (process)
tachyarrhythmia (process)
tachycardia (process)
left atrial flutter (process)
right atrial flutter (process)
common atrial flutter (process)
atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (process)
ventricular tachycardia (process)
monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (process)
torsades de pointes (process)
ventricular flutter (process)
inappropriate sinus tachycardia (process)
ventricular preexcitation (process)
A pathological process of a coronary artery hardening.
coronary artery hardening
accessory bundle
Accessory bundle that connects the atrium to a ventricle outside of the regular atrioventricular conduction system.
atrioventricular accessory bundle
impaired sinus node
A sick sinus syndrome characterized by sinus pauses and/or bradycardia episodes alternating with sinus or atrial tachycardia episodes.
tachycardia-bradycardia syndrome
inappropriate sinus tachycardia (disease)
A disease cause by a cardiac ion channel disorder.
cardiac channelopathy
A cardiac channelopathy in which delayed repolarization of the heart following a heartbeat increases the risk of episodes of torsades de pointes. This is a rare disease.
long QT syndrome
A cardiac channelopathy that has a genetic origin.
genetic cardiac channelopathy
sinus bradycardia (disease)
left bundle branch block (process)
tachyarrhythmia (disease)
tachycardia (disease)
sinoatrial arrest (disease)
atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (disease)
ventricular tachycardia (disease)
ventricular flutter (disease)
torsades de pointes (disease)
monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (disease)
ventricular fibrillation (disease)
ventricular tachyarrhythmia (process)
atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (process)
premature contraction (disease)
premature junctional contraction (disease)
premature ventricular contraction (disease)
A pathological process occurring in a cardiac chamber.
cardiac chamber pathological process
A disorder always located in the mitral valve.
mitral valve disorder
A disorder always located in the aortic valve.
aortic valve disorder
A disorder always located in the tricuspid valve.
tricuspid valve disorder
A disorder always located in the pulmonary valve.
pulmonary valve disorder
A pathological process of a heart valve improper opening.
heart valve improper opening
aortic valve improper opening during left ventricular systole
mitral valve narrowed opening during left ventricular diastole
pulmonary valve narrowed opening during right ventricular systole
tricuspid valve narrowed opening during right ventricular diastole
A coronary heart disease leading to stable angina.
coronary heart disease with stable angina
An acute coronary syndrome due to coronary stenosis.
atherosclerotic acute coronary syndrome
A heart ischemia accompanied by pain.
Angina pectoris is sometimes taken to refer to the pain itself, rather than to the pathological process behind it.
angina pectoris
An angina that is not unstable.
stable angina pectoris
An angina that worsens. It has at least one of these three features:
1. it occurs at rest (or with minimal exertion), usually lasting >10 min
2. it is severe and of new onset (i.e., within the prior 4–6 weeks)
3. it occurs with a crescendo pattern (i.e., distinctly more severe, prolonged, or frequent than before).
unstable angina pectoris
A heart pathological process that has a mitral valve as a participant.
heart pathological process involving a mitral valve
A heart pathological process that has an aortic valve as a participant.
heart pathological process involving an aortic valve
A heart pathological process that has a tricuspid valve as a participant.
heart pathological process involving a tricuspid valve
A heart pathological process that has a pulmonary valve as a participant.
heart pathological process involving a pulmonary valve
heart valve leaflet displacement into a cardiac chamber during ventricular diastole
ventricular systole
ventricular diastole
atrial systole
atrial diastole
left ventricular diastole
right ventricular diastole
left ventricular systole
right ventricular systole
left atrial systole
right atrial systole
left atrial diastole
right atrial diastole
A pathological process of a heart valve being displaced into a cardiac chamber.
heart valve leaflet displacement into a cardiac chamber
A disorder of fluid in the pericardial cavity.
fluid in the pericardial cavity
A disorder of blood in the pericardial cavity.
blood in the pericardial cavity
heart conduction pathological process
anomalous atrioventricular excitation (process)
ventricular preexcitation (disease)
A disorder in the heart conduction system that causes a disturbed function of ion channel subunits or the proteins that regulate them.
cardiac ion channels disorder
A disease characterized by the displacement of a degenerated pulmonary valve leaflet into the right ventricle during diastole.
pulmonary valve prolapse
impaired anterior division of left branch of atrioventricular bundle
ventricular tachyarrhythmia (disease)
An inflammation process occurring in a heart valve.
inflammation process in a heart valve
heart bodily process
A dilated cardiomyopathy that has a genetic origin.
genetic dilated cardiomyopathy
A cardiomyopathy (2008) that has a genetic origin.
genetic cardiomyopathy
A disorder made of a detached, traveling intravascular matter (solid, liquid, or gaseous) carried by circulation. It is capable of creating an arterial occlusion at a site distant from its point of origin.
embolus
A disease characterized by an inflammation process.
inflammatory disease
A pathological process occurring in the myocardium.
myocardium pathological process
A pathological process involving or occuring in the aorta.
aorta pathological process
A disorder always located in the aorta.
aorta disorder
A pathological process occuring in the endocardium.
endocardium pathological process
A pathological process of thickening of the endocardium.
endocardium thickening
A disease affecting the endocardium.
endocardium disease
A disorder always located in the left heart ventricle.
left ventricle disorder
A disorder always located in the right heart ventricle.
right ventricle disorder
A disorder always located in a heart ventricle.
heart ventricle disorder
An ischemia of the heart.
heart ischemia
vein pathological process
An ischemic heart disease leading to a dilatation and dysfunction of the left ventricle.
ischemic cardiomyopathy
A disorder located in an anatomical entity.
material anatomical entity disorder
material anatomical entity pathological process
cardiovascular system disorder
cardiovascular system pathological process
A disease that affects a material anatomical entity.
disease of material anatomical entity
An aortic valve stenosis leading to a hypertrophy or dilatation of the left ventricle and its dysfunction.
valvular cardiomyopathy
A heart disease in which the heart muscle is structurally and functionally abnormal, in the absence of coronary artery disease, hypertension, valvular disease and congenital heart disease sufficient to cause the observed myocardial abnormality.
(adapted from Elliott et al., 2008, European Heart Journal, 29, 270-276)
Contemporary (e.g. Elliott et al. 2008) definitions of cardiomyopathy exclude ischemic cardiomyopathy, hypertensive cardiomyopathy and valvular cardiomyopathy.
cardiomyopathy (2008 definition)
left ventricular myocardium contraction dysfunctional process
myocardium contraction dysfunctional process
A pathological process occurring in the left heart ventricle.
left ventricle pathological process
A pathological process occurring in the right heart ventricle.
right ventricle pathological process
"Inflammatory DCM is defined by the presence of chronic inflammatory cells in association with left ventricular dilatation and reduced ejection fraction".
(Elliott et al., 2008)
inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy
inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy
A hypertensive heart disease leading to a hypertrophy and dysfunction of the left ventricle.
hypertensive cardiomyopathy
A heart disease existing at birth, or developping during the first month after birth.
congenital heart disease
A disease affecting a heart ventricle.
heart ventricle disease
A disease affecting a heart left ventricle.
left ventricle disease
A disease affecting a heart right ventricle.
right ventricle disease
ventricular myocardium contraction dysfunctional process
right ventricular myocardium contraction dysfunctional process
myocardium of left ventricle stiffening
A pathological process occurring in a heart valve.
heart valve pathological process
A pathological process occurring in an aortic valve.
aortic valve pathological process
A pathological process occurring in a mitral valve.
mitral valve pathological process
A pathological process occurring in a tricuspid valve.
tricuspid valve pathological process
A pathological process occurring in a pulmonary valve.
pulmonary valve pathological process
A disease affecting the myocardium.
myocardium disease
A heart disease that has a genetic disorder.
genetic heart disease
A disease existing at birth, or developping during the first month after birth.
congenital disease
coronary artery pathological process
A pathological process of coronary artery smooth muscle constriction.
coronary artery smooth muscle constriction
disease_ontology
DOID:0000405
vascular tissue disease
A cardiomyopathy characterized by adipose and fibrosis infiltration in the right ventricular myocardium. It is caused by genetic defects of desmosomes (which are parts of the myocardium) and may result in arrhythmia.
MSH:D019571
OMIM:107970
OMIM:600996
OMIM:604400
OMIM:607450
OMIM:609040
OMIM:610193
OMIM:610476
OMIM:611528
ARRHYTHMOGENIC RIGHT VENTRICULAR CARDIOMYOPATHY 1
ARVD
arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy
disease_ontology
DOID:0050431
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
A heart conduction disease that is characterised by abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) findings and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death by ventricular tachyarrhytmia.
A heart conduction disease that is characterised by abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) findings and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death.
MSH:D053840
OMIM:601144
OMIM:611777
OMIM:611875
OMIM:611876
OMIM:612838
OMIM:613119
OMIM:613120
OMIM:613123
disease_ontology
DOID:0050451
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
Brugada syndrome
OMIM:208000
IDIOPATHIC INFANTILE ARTERIAL CALCIFICATION
disease_ontology
DOID:0050644
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
generalized arterial calcification of infancy
OMIM:208050
disease_ontology
DOID:0050645
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
arterial tortuosity syndrome
An atrial fibrillation disease that has a genetic origin.
A heart conduction disease that is characterized by uncoordinated electrical activity in the heart's upper chambers (the atria), which causes the heartbeat to become fast and irregular and has_material_basis_in autosomal dominant inheritance of the familial atrial fibrillation (ATFB) genes.
OMIM:607554
OMIM:611493
OMIM:612201
OMIM:612240
disease_ontology
DOID:0050650
familial atrial fibrillation
Disease of the myocardium associated with cardiac dysfunction.
(Report of the 1995 World Health Organization/International Society and Federation of Cardiology Task Force on the Definition and Classification of Cardiomyopathies)
DOID label "cardiomyopathy" was changed.
A heart disease that is characterized by deterioration of the funciton of the heart muscle.
lschriml
2012-01-03T02:54:11Z
disease_ontology
DOID:0050700
cardiomyopathy (1995 definition)
An endocarditis caused by infection.
A heart disease involving inflammation of the endocardium (inner layer of the heart) caused by bacterial infection.
disease_ontology
DOID:0060000
infective endocarditis
An non-infective endocarditis that results in the deposition of small sterile vegetations on valve leaflets.
DOID label 'marantic endocarditis' was changed in CVDO (non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis is a more common name).
lschriml
2011-04-13T03:14:26Z
marantic endocarditis
disease_ontology
DOID:0060068
non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis
ICD9CM:434
ICD9CM:434.9
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155400001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155403004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195188006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:20059004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266255008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:286956007
UMLS_CUI:C0028790
disease_ontology
DOID:10127
cerebral artery occlusion
ICD9CM:459.81
MSH:D014689
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:20696009
UMLS_CUI:C0042485
peripheral venous insufficiency
disease_ontology
DOID:10128
venous insufficiency
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:65443008
UMLS_CUI:C0155593
disease_ontology
DOID:10177
malignant hypertensive renal disease
ICD9CM:440.0
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155415000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195252007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:81817003
UMLS_CUI:C0155733
Aortic atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis of aorta (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:10230
aortic atherosclerosis
ICD9CM:115.93
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:187059008
UMLS_CUI:C0153279
Histoplasmosis with pericarditis (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:10234
histoplasmosis pericarditis
ICD9CM:410.7
UMLS_CUI:C0155655
disease_ontology
DOID:10266
subendocardial infarction acute myocardial infarction
DOID label changed to 'left anterior fascicular block (disease)' for symmetry reasons with 'left posterior fascicular block (disease)'
ICD9CM:426.2
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195044001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195045000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266245009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:4973001
UMLS_CUI:C0155702
Left bundle branch [block] or [hemiblock]
Left bundle branch hemiblock (disorder)
Left bundle branch hemiblock NOS (disorder)
left bundle branch hemiblock
disease_ontology
DOID:10272
left anterior fascicular block (disease)
A disease affecting the conducting tissue of the heart.
A heart disease that involves the heart's electrical conduction system.
ICD9CM:426.6
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195053008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195056000
UMLS_CUI:C0029630
disease_ontology
DOID:10273
heart conduction disease
ICD9CM:443.0
MSH:D011928
NCI:C34972
OMIM:179600
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:123266007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155429004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195294005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195295006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195297003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:22954002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266319002
UMLS_CUI:C0034734
Raynaud's disease
Raynaud's disease (disorder)
Raynaud's syndrome
Raynaud's syndrome (disorder)
Raynaud's syndrome (disorder) [Ambiguous]
Raynaud's syndrome NOS (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:10300
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
Raynaud disease
A disease characterized by an inflammation of the endocardium.
A heart disease involving non-infectious inflammation of the endocardium (inner layer of the heart).
DOID:14058
MSH:D004696
NCI:C34582
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194935007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:56819008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:91357005
UMLS_CUI:C0014118
UMLS_CUI:C0375268
disease_ontology
DOID:10314
endocarditis
DOID label 'anomalous atrioventricular excitation' was changed.
ICD9CM:426.7
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155360000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:17869006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195057009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195061003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266304003
UMLS_CUI:C0392470
Anomalous A-V excitation
disease_ontology
DOID:10392
anomalous atrioventricular excitation (disease)
ICD9CM:411.0
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:66189004
UMLS_CUI:C0152107
Postmyocardial infarction syndrome
Postmyocardial infarction syndrome (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:10507
Dressler's syndrome
DOID:10555
DOID:12413
ICD9CM:669.20
UMLS_CUI:C0157456
antepartum maternal hypotension syndrome
postpartum maternal hypotension syndrome
disease_ontology
DOID:10556
supine hypotensive syndrome
ICD9CM:642.40
UMLS_CUI:C0156664
disease_ontology
DOID:10590
mild pre-eclampsia
DOID:12684
MSH:D011225
NCI:C34943
NCI:C85021
OMIM:189800
OMIM:609404
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:15394000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:156106005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:156109003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:156112000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:198969004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:198972006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:198979002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:199011002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:237280005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:267306006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:267307002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:288201007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:30354006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:308551004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:398254007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:46764007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:48194001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:6758009
UMLS_CUI:C0032914
UMLS_CUI:C0340274
Gestational hypertension
Gestational hypertension (disorder)
PREECLAMPSIA/ECLAMPSIA
Pre-eclampsia (disorder)
Pre-eclampsia NOS
Pre-eclampsia NOS (disorder)
Pre-eclamptic NOS
Pre-eclamptic toxaemia
Pregnancy associated hypertension
Pregnancy-induced hypertension (disorder)
Proteinuric hypertension of pregnancy
Toxaemia NOS
Toxaemia of pregnancy
Toxemia NOS (disorder)
Toxemia of Pregnancy
Toxemia of pregnancy (disorder)
hypertension induced by pregnancy
hypertension of preg.
hypertension of pregnancy NOS
hypertension of pregnancy NOS (disorder)
preeclampsia
pregnancy toxemia
disease_ontology
DOID:10591
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
pre-eclampsia
ICD9CM:708.0
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:156428000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:201260002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:40178009
UMLS_CUI:C0149526
Allergic urticaria (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:10612
allergic urticaria
ICD9CM:410.30
UMLS_CUI:C0155640
disease_ontology
DOID:10648
acute inferoposterior infarction
ICD9CM:410.20
UMLS_CUI:C0155636
disease_ontology
DOID:10649
acute inferolateral myocardial infarction
ICD9CM:410.0
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:70211005
UMLS_CUI:C0155627
disease_ontology
DOID:10651
acute anterolateral myocardial infarction
MSH:D006977
NCI:C3121
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194775007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:28119000
UMLS_CUI:C0020544
disease_ontology
DOID:1073
renal hypertension
ICD9CM:572.3
MSH:D006975
NCI:C3119
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155821005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:34742003
UMLS_CUI:C0020541
disease_ontology
DOID:10762
portal hypertension
ICD9CM:401-405.99
ICD9CM:997.91
MSH:D006973
NCI:C3117
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155295004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155302005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194756002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194757006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194760004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194794002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195537001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266287006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:38341003
UMLS_CUI:C0020538
HTN
High blood pressure (& [essential hypertension])
hyperpiesia
vascular hypertensive disorder
disease_ontology
hypertensive disease
DOID:10763
hypertension
ICD9CM:422.91
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194954007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194955008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266238009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:91025000
UMLS_CUI:C0155689
Idiopathic myocarditis
Idiopathic myocarditis (disorder)
Idiopathic myocarditis NOS (disorder)
Isolated (Fiedler's) myocarditis
Isolated (Fiedler's) myocarditis (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:10778
fiedler's myocarditis
ICD9CM:422.92
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194959002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:64043005
UMLS_CUI:C0155690
Septic myocarditis NOS (disorder)
Septic myocarditis, NOS
disease_ontology
DOID:10779
septic myocarditis
ICD9CM:401.0
NCI:C34802
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:1218009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:78975002
UMLS_CUI:C0024588
Accelerated essential hypertension
malignant Essential hypertension
malignant essential hypertension (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:10823
malignant essential hypertension
MSH:D006974
NCI:C3118
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155301003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:286951002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:70272006
UMLS_CUI:C0020540
malignant hypertension
malignant hypertension (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:10824
malignant hypertension
ICD9CM:401
ICD9CM:401.9
NCI:C3478
OMIM:145500
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155296003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194757006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194760004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266228004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:59621000
UMLS_CUI:C0085580
Essential hypertension
Essential hypertension (disorder)
Essential hypertension NOS
Essential hypertension NOS (disorder)
Unspecified essential hypertension
idiopathic hypertension
primary hypertension
disease_ontology
DOID:10825
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
essential hypertension
ICD9CM:451.81
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195429006
UMLS_CUI:C0155772
Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of the iliac vein NOS (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:10880
iliac vein thrombophlebitis
ICD9CM:401.1
NCI:C3656
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:1201005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194758001
UMLS_CUI:C0155583
benign Essential hypertension
benign essential hypertension (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:10913
benign essential hypertension
MSH:D002532
NCI:C34458
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:128609009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:42994005
UMLS_CUI:C0007766
intracranial aneurysm
intracranial aneurysm (disorder)
intracranial aneurysm, NOS
disease_ontology
DOID:10941
intracranial aneurysm
intracranial aneurysm disease
MSH:D020144
UMLS_CUI:C0751739
disease_ontology
DOID:10991
basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease
ICD9CM:405
ICD9CM:405.9
NCI:C3657
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155300002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194789002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194792003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:31992008
UMLS_CUI:C0155616
disease_ontology
DOID:11130
secondary hypertension
ICD9CM:441.6
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195265003
UMLS_CUI:C1305122
Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm, ruptured (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:11138
ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm
ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm disease
DOID:111
DOID:13536
DOID:14031
ICD9CM:456.0
NCI:C78282
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:17709002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195474004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195475003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195479009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195643006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:236067006
UMLS_CUI:C0155789
UMLS_CUI:C0155791
UMLS_CUI:C0155792
Bleeding esophageal varices
Bleeding esophageal varices (disorder)
Bleeding oesophageal varices
esophageal varices
esophageal varices in disease classified elsewhere, with bleeding
esophageal varices with bleeding
esophageal varices with bleeding in disease EC (disorder)
esophageal varices without bleeding
esophageal varices without bleeding (disorder)
esophageal varices without mention of bleeding
disease_ontology
DOID:112
esophageal varix
ICD9CM:433.2
UMLS_CUI:C0155724
Occlusion and stenosis of vertebral artery
disease_ontology
DOID:11299
vertebral artery occlusion
DOID label changed for homogeneization reasons.
ICD9CM:426.12
NCI:C62018
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:28189009
UMLS_CUI:C0155700
Mobitz (type) II atrioventricular block
Mobitz II atrioventricular block
Mobitz type II atrioventricular block
Mobitz type II atrioventricular block (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:11312
Mobitz II second degree atrioventricular block (disease)
ICD9CM:437.4
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:28366008
UMLS_CUI:C0007773
Cerebral arteritis (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:11390
cerebral arteritis
A disease affecting the heart.
A cardiovascular system disease that involves the heart or blood vessels (arteries and veins).
ICD9CM:429.9
MSH:D006331
NCI:C3079
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155263000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194707003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195152001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266275004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266311004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:56265001
UMLS_CUI:C0018799
disease_ontology
DOID:114
heart disease
ICD9CM:348.2
MSH:D011559
NCI:C85035
OMIM:243200
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155052007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:267701004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:68267002
UMLS_CUI:C0033845
Pseudotumor cerebri
benign intracran. hypt.
benign intracranial hypertension
benign intracranial hypertension (disorder)
idiopathic intracranial hypertension
disease_ontology
DOID:11459
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
pseudotumor cerebri
ICD9CM:423.2
MSH:D010494
NCI:C78246
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155340008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194969008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:85598007
UMLS_CUI:C0031048
Constrictive pericarditis
Constrictive pericarditis (disorder)
Constrictive pericarditis NOS (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:11481
constrictive pericarditis
A pericardial effusion that results from blood in the pericardial sac.
ICD9CM:423.0
MSH:D010490
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155339006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:23412002
UMLS_CUI:C0019064
Haemopericardium
disease_ontology
DOID:11482
hemopericardium
A disease caused by the presence of fluid in the pericardial cavity (due to pericardial effusion), affecting negatively the heart's pumping function.
In CVDO, cardiac tamponade is defined as *being caused* by a pericardial effusion, rather than as *being* a pericardial effusion.
A pericardial effusion in which fluid accumulates in the pericardium (the sac in which the heart is enclosed) and the pericardial spaces fills up faster than the pericardial sac can stretch.
ICD9CM:423.3
MSH:D002305
NCI:C50481
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155341007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194975004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266295005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:35304003
UMLS_CUI:C0007177
Rose's tamponade
pericardial tamponade
disease_ontology
DOID:115
cardiac tamponade
A disease in which an abnormal structure in a mitral valve prevents it to close propertly during systole, occasioning a retrograd blood flow through the valve.
DOID:11737
MSH:D008944
NCI:C50852
NCI:C50888
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194736003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194977007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:48724000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:59464004
UMLS_CUI:C0026266
UMLS_CUI:C0264774
Mitral valve incompetence
mitral regurgitation
disease_ontology
DOID:11502
mitral valve insufficiency
ICD9CM:394
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155276006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194724009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:250998008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266278002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:286947004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:83898004
UMLS_CUI:C0264765
Mitral RH valve dis.
Mitral valve disease
Rheumatic disease of mitral valve (disorder)
Rheumatic mitral valve changes
chronic rheumatic mitral valve (disorder)
disease of mitral valve
disease_ontology
DOID:11505
rheumatic disease of mitral valve
MSH:D006502
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195436007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:38739001
UMLS_CUI:C0019154
Budd - Chiari syndrome (hepatic vein thrombosis)
Budd-Chiari syndrome
Budd-Chiari syndrome (disorder)
hepatic vein thrombosis
hepatic vein thrombosis (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:11512
hepatic vein thrombosis
A heart disease that is caused by high blood presure.
ICD9CM:402
ICD9CM:402.9
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155297007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194769003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194772005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:64715009
UMLS_CUI:C0152105
disease_ontology
DOID:11516
hypertensive heart disease
ICD9CM:403.1
ICD9CM:403.10
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:193003
UMLS_CUI:C0155596
benign hypertensive renal disease (disorder)
hypertensive renal disease, benign
hypertensive renal disease, benign, without mention of renal failure
disease_ontology
DOID:11520
benign hypertensive renal disease
A disease characterized by an inflammation of a retinal artery.
ICD9CM:362.18
MSH:D031300
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:193367006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:77628002
UMLS_CUI:C0152026
Retinal vasculitis
Retinal vasculitis (disorder)
Retinal vasculitis NOS (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:11563
retinal vasculitis
ICD9CM:587
MSH:D009400
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194773000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:197658002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:197662008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:32916005
UMLS_CUI:C0027719
Nephrosclerosis (disorder)
nephrosclerosis
renal sclerosis
renal sclerosis NOS (disorder)
renal sclerosis unspecified (disorder)
renal sclerosis, unspecified
disease_ontology
DOID:11664
nephrosclerosis
A thrombosis that occurs in a portal vein.
ICD9CM:452
NCI:C78565
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155455003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:17920008
UMLS_CUI:C0155773
disease_ontology
DOID:11695
portal vein thrombosis
MSH:D003925
NCI:C35610
UMLS_CUI:C0011875
Diabetic vascular disorder
diabetic angiopathy
disease_ontology
DOID:11713
diabetic angiopathy
A heart disease that is characterized by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity.
MSH:D010490
NCI:C3319
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:373945007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:70370001
UMLS_CUI:C0031039
disease_ontology
DOID:118
pericardial effusion
A coronary heart disease with coronary artery smooth muscle constriction.
MSH:D003329
NCI:C34515
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:23687008
UMLS_CUI:C0010073
Coronary Vasospasm
Coronary artery spasm (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:11840
coronary artery vasospasm
ICD9CM:746.85
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:204373000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:204380003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:28574005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:361215006
UMLS_CUI:C0158623
Congenital anomaly of coronary artery (disorder)
Coronary artery abnormality (disorder)
Coronary artery abnormality [Ambiguous]
Coronary artery anomaly NOS (disorder)
Coronary artery anomaly, congenital
disease_ontology
DOID:11843
coronary artery anomaly
A thrombosis occuring in a coronary artery.
MSH:D003328
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155304006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194796000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266288001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:398274000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:66514008
UMLS_CUI:C0010072
Coronary artery thrombosis (disorder)
Coronary thrombosis
coronary thrombosis
disease_ontology
DOID:11847
coronary thrombosis
"A heart disease with increased ventricular wall thickness or mass in the absence of loading conditions (hypertension, valve disease) sufficient to cause the observed abnormality."
(Elliott et al., 2008, European Heart Journal, 29, 270-276)
ICD9CM:425.1
MSH:D002312
NCI:C34449
OMIM:192600
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:15471000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155351008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:233873004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266301006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:389998005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:389999002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:45227007
UMLS_CUI:C0007194
Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic
hyper. obst. cardiomyopathy
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (disorder)
hypertrophic myocardiopathy
hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (disorder)
primary hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (disorder) [Ambiguous]
disease_ontology
DOID:11984
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [LS].
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
ICD9CM:377.41
MSH:D018917
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:14357004
UMLS_CUI:C0155305
Ischemic optic neuropathy
Ischemic optic neuropathy (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:12010
ischemic optic neuropathy
ICD9CM:395.0
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155282009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:72011007
UMLS_CUI:C0155567
Rheumatic aortic stenosis
Rheumatic aortic stenosis (disorder)
Rheumatic aortic valve stenosis
disease_ontology
DOID:12034
rheumatic aortic valve stenosis
ICD9CM:451.11
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:1748006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195410000
UMLS_CUI:C0265066
Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of femoral vein (deep) (superficial)
Thrombophlebitis of deep femoral vein (disorder)
Thrombophlebitis of the femoral vein (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:12282
femoral vein thrombophlebitis
A chronic pulmonary heart disease caused by a kyphoscoliosis.
ICD9CM:416.1
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194886003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:45650007
UMLS_CUI:C0152102
Kyphoscoliotic heart disease (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:12325
kyphoscoliotic heart disease
A cor pulmonale that has a chronic disease course during which the right ventricle becomes hypertrophied.
ICD9CM:416.8
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194887007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194889005
UMLS_CUI:C0155673
disease_ontology
DOID:12326
chronic pulmonary heart disease
ICD9CM:456.4
MSH:D014646
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155480003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195480007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:46871008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:51070004
UMLS_CUI:C0042341
Scrotal varices
Scrotal varices (disorder)
Varicocele (disorder)
Varicocele [Ambiguous]
varicocele
disease_ontology
DOID:12337
varicocele
ICD9CM:448
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155446001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155449008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195250004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195380006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195390003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266324004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:57223003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:58729003
UMLS_CUI:C0155765
disease of capillaries
disease_ontology
DOID:1271
capillary disease
MSH:D013684
NCI:C28194
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:112641009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155449008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:247479008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266324004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:276328002
UMLS_CUI:C0039446
telangiectasia
disease_ontology
DOID:1272
telangiectasis
ICD9CM:437.0
MSH:D002537
NCI:C34459
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195220007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266258005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:55382008
UMLS_CUI:C0007775
Cerebral atherosclerosis
Cerebral atherosclerosis (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:12720
cerebral atherosclerosis
A disease affecting the cardiovascular system.
A disease of anatomical entity which occurs in the blood, heart, blood vessels or the lymphatic system that passes nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), gases, hormones, blood cells or lymph to and from cells in the body to help fight diseases and help stabilize body temperature and pH to maintain homeostasis.
DOID:73
ICD9CM:429.2
MSH:D002318
NCI:C2931
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:105980002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155263000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194707003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195139006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195594006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266275004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266336005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:49601007
UMLS_CUI:C0007222
cardiovascular system disease
disease of subdivision of hemolymphoid system
disease_ontology
DOID:1287
cardiovascular system disease
ICD9CM:443.1
MSH:D013919
NCI:C35070
OMIM:211480
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155432001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195298008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195299000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195300008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:52403007
UMLS_CUI:C0040021
Buerger's disease
Presenile gangrene
Presenile gangrene (disorder)
Thromboangiitis obliterans
Thromboangiitis obliterans (disorder)
Thromboangiitis obliterans NOS (disorder)
Thromboangiitis obliterans [Buerger's disease]
disease_ontology
DOID:12918
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [LS].
thromboangiitis obliterans
A heart disease in which the endocardium thickens by increase in the amount of supporting connective tissue and elastic fibers. It is usually associated with children two years old and younger. Its etiological cause is unknown.
ICD9CM:425.3
MSH:D004695
OMIM:226000
OMIM:305300
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:65457005
UMLS_CUI:C0014117
Elastomyofibrosis
Endocardial fibroelastosis
Endocardial fibroelastosis (disorder)
endocardial fibroelastosis
disease_ontology
DOID:12929
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
endocardial fibroelastosis
A cardiomyopathy characterized by left ventricular dilatation and left ventricular systolic dysfunction in the absence of abnormal loading conditions (hypertension, valve disease) or coronary heart disease sufficient to cause global systolic impairment.
(adapted from Elliott et al., 2008, European Heart Journal, 29, 270-276)
An intrinsic cardiomyopathy that results in damage to the myocardium causing the heart to pump blood inefficiently.
MSH:D002311
NCI:C84673
OMIM:115200
OMIM:300069
OMIM:302045
OMIM:601154
OMIM:601493
OMIM:601494
OMIM:604145
OMIM:604765
OMIM:605362
OMIM:606685
OMIM:607482
OMIM:607487
OMIM:608569
OMIM:609909
OMIM:611407
OMIM:611878
OMIM:611879
OMIM:611880
OMIM:612158
OMIM:612877
OMIM:613122
OMIM:613172
OMIM:613252
OMIM:613286
OMIM:613424
OMIM:613426
OMIM:613642
OMIM:613697
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195018001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195021004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:389995008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:399020009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:74368002
UMLS_CUI:C0007193
Cardiomyopathy, congestive
primary dilated cardiomyopathy (disorder)
disease_ontology
Congestive cardiomyopathy
DOID:12930
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [LS].
dilated cardiomyopathy
A restrictive cardiomyopathy which results in fibrous lesions of right and left ventricle. It occurs typically in tropical and subtropical Africa.
ICD9CM:425.0
MSH:D004719
NCI:C34585
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:111507009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:123264005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155351008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266301006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:30293000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:398716006
UMLS_CUI:C0553980
(Becker's disease) or (obscure African cardiomyopathy)
African endomyocardial fibrosis
Becker's disease
Endomyocardial sclerosis
Obscure African cardiomyopathy (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:12932
endomyocardial fibrosis
A dilated cardiomyopathy resulting from alcohol intoxication.
ICD9CM:425.5
MSH:D002310
NCI:C53653
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155352001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:83521008
UMLS_CUI:C0007192
Alcohol-induced heart muscle disease
Alcoholic cardiomyopathy
Dilated cardiomyopathy secondary to alcohol (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:12935
alcoholic cardiomyopathy
MSH:D016893
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195181000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:64586002
UMLS_CUI:C0007282
Carotid artery stenosis (disorder)
Stenosis, carotid artery
disease_ontology
DOID:13001
carotid stenosis
ICD9CM:435.3
MSH:D014715
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155404005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195196001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195199008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266314007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:394517009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:64009001
UMLS_CUI:C0042568
Vertebro-basilar insufficiency
Vertebrobasilar arterial insufficiency
Vertebrobasilar artery syndrome
Vertebrobasilar artery syndrome (disorder)
Vertebrobasilar insufficiency
disease_ontology
DOID:13003
vertebrobasilar insufficiency
ICD9CM:747.83
MSH:D010547
NCI:C85006
OMIM:265380
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:204507004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:206597007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:233815004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:35604006
UMLS_CUI:C0031190
Fetal circulation
Persistent fetal circulation
Persistent fetal circulation (disorder)
Persistent fetal circulation syndrome (disorder)
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (disorder)
congenital alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins
persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn
disease_ontology
DOID:13042
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
persistent fetal circulation syndrome
MSH:D020765
UMLS_CUI:C0752138
disease_ontology
DOID:13089
intracranial arterial disease
ICD9CM:362.32
MSH:D015356
NCI:C34436
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:50821009
UMLS_CUI:C0006123
Arterial retinal branch occlusion (disorder)
Retinal Arterial Branch Occlusion
Retinal arterial branch occlusion
disease_ontology
DOID:13094
branch retinal artery occlusion
MSH:D014715
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195198000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:34781003
UMLS_CUI:C0042560
Vertebral artery syndrome
Vertebral artery syndrome (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:13095
vertebral artery insufficiency
MSH:D018860
OMIM:182410
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:238776001
UMLS_CUI:C0282492
Idiopathic livedo reticularis with systemic involvement (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:13096
Sneddon syndrome
MSH:D002537
UMLS_CUI:C0007771
disease_ontology
DOID:13097
intracranial arteriosclerosis
ICD9CM:362.31
MSH:D015356
NCI:C34456
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:38742007
UMLS_CUI:C0007688
central retinal artery occlusion
central retinal artery occlusion (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:13098
central retinal artery occlusion
ICD9CM:437.5
MSH:D009072
NCI:C84895
OMIM:252350
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:69116000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:89142007
UMLS_CUI:C0026654
Moyamoya disease
Moyamoya disease (disorder)
progressive intracranial arterial occlusion (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:13099
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
Moyamoya disease
MSH:D020301
UMLS_CUI:C0751895
disease_ontology
DOID:13100
intracranial vasospasm
DOID:13130
DOID:13131
DOID:13132
ICD9CM:642.50
UMLS_CUI:C0156669
Severe pre-eclampsia, with delivery
antepartum severe pre-eclampsia
postpartum severe pre-eclampsia
disease_ontology
DOID:13129
severe pre-eclampsia
MSH:D017359
NCI:C84750
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:199010001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:95605009
UMLS_CUI:C0162739
HELLP syndrome (disorder)
syndrome of haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet
disease_ontology
DOID:13133
HELLP syndrome
ICD9CM:405.1
NCI:C3658
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194785008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194787000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:44111003
UMLS_CUI:C0155620
disease_ontology
DOID:13143
benign secondary hypertension
ICD9CM:405.11
UMLS_CUI:C0155621
disease_ontology
DOID:13145
benign renovascular hypertension
ICD9CM:426.51
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:46319007
UMLS_CUI:C0155704
Right bundle branch block with left posterior fascicular block (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:13209
right bundle branch block (disease)
An autoimmune disease of cardiovascular system that causes chronic inflammation in blood vessels throughout the body leading to ulcerations on the mouth and sometimes the genitals, notorious for causing hypopyon uveitis.
ICD9CM:136.1
MSH:D001528
NCI:C34416
OMIM:109650
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:154424000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:310701003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:41225007
UMLS_CUI:C0004943
Adamantiades-Behcet disease
Behcet syndrome
Behet's syndrome (disorder)
triple symptom complex
disease_ontology
Behcet's syndrome
DOID:13241
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
Behcet's disease
ICD9CM:446.5
MSH:D013700
NCI:C35065
OMIM:187360
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155442004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195354005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195355006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195356007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195357003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:400130008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:414341000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:87511001
UMLS_CUI:C0039483
Giant cell Arteritis
Giant cell arteritis
Giant cell arteritis (disorder)
Giant cell arteritis NOS (disorder)
Horton's disease
Temporal arteritis (disorder)
giant cell arteritis
disease_ontology
DOID:13375
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [LS].
temporal arteritis
ICD9CM:446.1
MSH:D009080
NCI:C34825
OMIM:611775
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155444003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195348009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195349001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:75053002
UMLS_CUI:C0026691
Kawasaki disease
Kawasaki's disease
MLNS
acute febrile MCLS
acute febrile mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome (disorder)
acute febrile mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome NOS (disorder)
acute febrile mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome [MCLS]
mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome
disease_ontology
DOID:13378
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
Kawasaki disease
ICD9CM:433.0
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155396001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195180004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:78658006
UMLS_CUI:C0265098
disease_ontology
DOID:13446
basilar artery occlusion
DOID:13592
MSH:D004461
NCI:C87167
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:156111007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:15938005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:198988006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:198989003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:198996001
UMLS_CUI:C0013537
Eclampsia (disorder)
Eclampsia NOS (disorder)
Eclampsia in puerperium (disorder)
Eclampsia unspecified (disorder)
Eclampsia, postpartum
Postpartum eclampsia
eclampsia
disease_ontology
DOID:13593
eclampsia
UMLS_CUI:C0155618
disease_ontology
DOID:13730
malignant renovascular hypertension
ICD9CM:405.0
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194784007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:49863005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:89242004
UMLS_CUI:C0155617
disease_ontology
DOID:13731
malignant secondary hypertension
ICD9CM:573.4
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:17890003
UMLS_CUI:C0151731
hepatic infarction
hepatic infarction (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:13738
infarct of liver
ICD9CM:573.0
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:34736002
UMLS_CUI:C0156195
chronic passive congestion of liver
chronic passive congestion of liver (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:13739
nutmeg liver
ICD9CM:397.0
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155289000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194745002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266282000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:49699002
UMLS_CUI:C0264776
RH. tricuspid valve disease
Rheumatic disease of tricuspid valve (disorder)
Rheumatic tricuspid valve disease NOS (disorder)
Tricuspid disease
disease of tricuspid valve
disease_ontology
DOID:13834
rheumatic tricuspid valve disease
A heart conduction disease characterized by inappropriate sinus rates (e.g. sinus bradycardia or sinus pause).
MSH:D012804
NCI:C62244
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155373001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266307005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:36083008
UMLS_CUI:C0037052
disease_ontology
DOID:13884
sick sinus syndrome
ICD9CM:441.2
MSH:D017545
NCI:C27001
OMIM:132900
OMIM:611788
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155421001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195259003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:433068007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:74883004
UMLS_CUI:C0162872
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
Thoracic aortic aneurysm
Thoracic aortic aneurysm without mention of rupture
Thoracic aortic aneurysm without mention of rupture (disorder)
Thoracic aortic aneurysm without rupture
disease_ontology
DOID:14004
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
thoracic aortic aneurysm
thoracic aortic aneurysm disease
ICD9CM:442.83
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:70405009
UMLS_CUI:C0155747
disease_ontology
DOID:14006
splenic artery aneurysm
splenic artery aneurysm disease
ICD9CM:747.22
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:204431007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:204438001
UMLS_CUI:C0345010
Atresia and stenosis of aorta (disorder)
Atresia or stenosis of aorta NOS (disorder)
Congenital atresia and stenosis of aorta
disease_ontology
DOID:14037
aorta atresia
ICD9CM:440.1
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155416004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:45281005
UMLS_CUI:C0155734
Atherosclerosis of renal artery
Atherosclerosis of renal artery (disorder)
renal atherosclerosis
disease_ontology
DOID:14092
renal artery atheroma
MSH:D018438
UMLS_CUI:C0242645
disease_ontology
DOID:14121
blue toe syndrome
A congestive heart failure caused by a rheumatic fever.
ICD9CM:398.91
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:82523003
UMLS_CUI:C0155582
Congestive rheumatic heart failure (disorder)
Rheumatic heart failure
Rheumatic heart failure (congestive)
disease_ontology
DOID:14172
rheumatic congestive heart failure
A disease in which an abnormal structure in a pulmonary valve prevents it to close propertly during diastole, occasioning a retrograd blood flow through the valve.
A pulmonary valve disease that occurs when the pulmonary valve is not strong enough to prevent backflow into the right ventricle. If it is secondary to pulmonary hypertension it is referred to as a Graham Steell murmur.
DOID:11210
ICD9CM:518.5
UMLS_CUI:C0034076
Pulmonic insufficiency NOS
Pulmonic valve regurgitation (disorder)
pulmonary incompetence
pulmonary incompetence, non-rheumatic (disorder)
pulmonary insufficiency following trauma and surgery
pulmonary regurg.
pulmonary regurgitation
disease_ontology
DOID:14265
pulmonary valve insufficiency
ICD9CM:453.1
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155456002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155491005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:31268005
UMLS_CUI:C0152250
Thrombophlebitis migrans (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:14392
thrombophlebitis migrans
MSH:D019559
NCI:C62578
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:87730004
UMLS_CUI:C0343084
Capillary leak syndrome (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:14400
capillary leak syndrome
ICD9CM:708.5
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:73098005
UMLS_CUI:C0152230
Cholinergic urticaria (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:14443
cholinergic urticaria
ICD9CM:362.33
NCI:C35192
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:193376004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:776009
UMLS_CUI:C0154839
Partial Retinal Arterial Occlusion
Partial arterial retinal occlusion (disorder)
Partial retinal arterial occlusion
Retinal partial arterial occlusion NOS (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:14522
partial arterial retinal occlusion
ICD9CM:416.0
MSH:C536282
OMIM:178600
OMIM:265400
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155328008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:26174007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266293003
UMLS_CUI:C0152171
primary pulmonary hypertension
primary pulmonary hypertension (disorder)
pulmonary hypertension (& [primary])
pulmonary hypertension, idiopathic
disease_ontology
DOID:14557
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
primary pulmonary hypertension
UMLS_CUI:C1135215
disease_ontology
DOID:1460
atheroembolism of kidney
An embolism due to an embolus made of cholesterol.
ICD9CM:445
MSH:D017700
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:10690002
UMLS_CUI:C0149649
disease_ontology
DOID:1461
cholesterol embolism
MSH:D054179
NCI:C84758
OMIM:106100
OMIM:610618
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:82966003
UMLS_CUI:C0019243
HANE
Hereditary angioedema
Hereditary angioneurotic edema (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:14735
OMIM mapping confirmed by DO. [SN].
hereditary angioedema
ICD9CM:708.4
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:51247001
UMLS_CUI:C0157743
Vibratory urticaria (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:1554
vibratory urticaria
ICD9CM:708.8
MSH:D014581
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:201267004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:201271001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:267817001
UMLS_CUI:C0029839
disease_ontology
DOID:1555
urticaria
MSH:D000799
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:157756002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:269433002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:400075008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:41291007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:82966003
UMLS_CUI:C0002994
Angioedema (disorder)
Angioneurotic oedema
Giant urticaria
Giant urticaria (disorder)
QUINCKE'S EDEMA
Quincke's edema
angioedema
angioneurotic edema
giant urticaria
disease_ontology
DOID:1558
angioedema
MSH:D006978
NCI:C85044
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:123799005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194790006
UMLS_CUI:C0020545
Renovascular hypertension (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:1591
renovascular hypertension
NCI:C40381
UMLS_CUI:C1511284
disease_ontology
DOID:1637
breast angiomatosis
A disease in which some disorder of the aortic valve leads prevents it from opening properly during left ventricular systole, occasioning disturbance in the anterograd blood flow through the valve.
Aortic valve stenosis is a aortic valve disease caused by the incomplete opening of the aortic valve. The aortic valve controls the direction of blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta. When in good working order, the aortic valve does not impede the flow of blood between these two spaces. Under some circumstances, the aortic valve becomes narrower than normal, impeding the flow of blood. This is known as aortic valve stenosis, or aortic stenosis, often abbreviated AS.
MSH:D001024
NCI:C50462
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:390722003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:60573004
UMLS_CUI:C0003507
AS
Aortic stenosis
Aortic valve stenosis (disorder)
aortic valve stenosis
disease_ontology
DOID:1712
aortic valve stenosis
ICD9CM:362.3
ICD9CM:362.30
NCI:C34980
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155111000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:193373007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:193380009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:267717005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:73757007
UMLS_CUI:C0035326
Retinal vasc. occlusion
Retinal vascular Occlusion
Retinal vascular occlusion (disorder)
Retinal vascular occlusion NOS (disorder)
Retinal vascular occlusion, unspecified
Unspecified retinal vascular occlusion (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:1729
retinal vascular occlusion
A disease in which some disorder of a mitral valve prevents it from opening properly during left ventricular diastole, occasioning disturbance in the anterograd blood flow through the valve.
Mitral valve stenosis is a rheumatic disease of mitral valve characterized by the narrowing of the orifice of the mitral valve of the heart. Most cases of mitral stenosis are due to disease in the heart secondary to rheumatic fever and the consequent rheumatic heart disease. Less common causes of mitral stenosis are calcification of the mitral valve leaflets, and as a form of congenital heart disease. However, there are primary causes of mitral stenosis that emanate from a cleft mitral valve. Other causes include Bacterial endocarditis where the vegetations may favor increase risk of stenosis.
MSH:D008946
NCI:C50654
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155277002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194725005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:79619009
UMLS_CUI:C0026269
Mitral stenosis
Mitral stenosis NOS
Mitral valve stenosis (disorder)
mitral valve stenosis
disease_ontology
DOID:1754
mitral valve stenosis
A disease affecting a blood vessel.
Reorganization of the vascular diseases, and writing of Aristotelian definitions, is still ongoing.
A cardiovascular system disease that primarily affects the blood vessels.
DOID:2869
DOID:45
MSH:D014652
NCI:C35117
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:27550009
UMLS_CUI:C0042373
UMLS_CUI:C0264951
arteriopathy
internal elastic lamina
disease_ontology
Arterial disease
DOID:178
vascular disease
A disease characterized by an inflammation of the pericardium.
A heart disease that is characterized by an inflammation of the pericardium and has_symptom chest pain.
MSH:D010493
NCI:C34915
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:3238004
UMLS_CUI:C0031046
disease_ontology
DOID:1787
pericarditis
A chronic pericarditis due to rheumatic fever.
ICD9CM:393
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155287003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194719006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194723003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:78069008
UMLS_CUI:C0155561
chronic rheumatic pericarditis (disorder)
chronic rheumatic pericarditis NOS (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:1869
chronic rheumatic pericarditis
A congenital disease involving the narrowing (stenosis) of aorta, hindering the opening of the aortic valve.
Supravalvular aortic stenosis is not classified as an aortic valve stenosis: although the narrowing of the section of the aorta at the exit of the aortic valve implies some improper opening of the aortic valve, the aortic valve is (in general) healthy (there is no disorder nor pathological process inside it). However, this improper opening of the aortic valve is a pathological process that happens inside the heart; therefore, supravalvular aortic stenosis is classified as a heart disease.
MSH:D021921
NCI:C85176
OMIM:185500
OMIM:194050
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:204436002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:268185002
UMLS_CUI:C0003499
Supra-valvular aortic stenosis
Supravalvar aortic stenosis (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:1929
supravalvular aortic stenosis
ICD9CM:440
MSH:D050197
NCI:C35768
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155382007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155414001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194848007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195251000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266318005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:38716007
UMLS_CUI:C0004153
disease_ontology
DOID:1936
atherosclerosis
ICD9CM:435.0
MSH:D014715
NCI:C34413
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195197005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:64009001
UMLS_CUI:C0004812
Basilar artery syndrome
Basilar artery syndrome (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:223
basilar artery insufficiency
A brain ischemia that is part of a transient disease course.
DOID:2315
MSH:D002546
NCI:C50781
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155404005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195196001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195207009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266257000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266314007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:313242003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:38609002
UMLS_CUI:C0007787
UMLS_CUI:C0155728
TIA
TIA - Transient ischaemic attack
TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK
Transient cerebral ischaemia
Transient cerebral ischaemia NOS
Transient cerebral ischemia (disorder) [Ambiguous]
Transient ischemic attacks (disorder)
transient ischemic attack
disease_ontology
DOID:224
transient cerebral ischemia
An ischemia of the brain.
MSH:D002545
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:11890005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:193049009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:389100007
UMLS_CUI:C0007786
Ischaemic encephalopathy
Ischemic encephalopathy (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:2316
brain ischemia
ICD9CM:440.9
NCI:C35767
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:367108003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:39823006
UMLS_CUI:C0017327
Generalised atherosclerosis
Generalized and unspecified atherosclerosis
Generalized atherosclerosis (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:2347
generalized atherosclerosis
NCI:C34403
NCI:C35771
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195121002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195251000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:39468009
UMLS_CUI:C0003972
Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular disease
Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease, NOS
Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular disease
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular arteriosclerosis unspecified (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:2348
arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
MSH:D001161
NCI:C34398
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:107671003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155414001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155418003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195251000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195257001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266318005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:28960008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:72092001
UMLS_CUI:C0003850
Arteriosclerosis (morphologic abnormality)
Arteriosclerosis NOS
Arteriosclerotic vascular disease (disorder)
Arteriosclerotic vascular disease NOS
Arteriosclerotic vascular disease NOS (disorder)
arteriosclerosis
disease_ontology
DOID:2349
arteriosclerosis
DOID:12820
DOID:2363
DOID:2720
ICD9CM:459.1
MSH:D011186
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155460004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:20427003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:410013001
UMLS_CUI:C0032807
UMLS_CUI:C1135219
UMLS_CUI:C1135220
UMLS_CUI:C1135221
Postphlebetic syndrome with inflammation
Postphlebetic syndrome with ulcer
Postphlebetic syndrome with ulcer and inflammation
disease_ontology
DOID:2364
postphlebitic syndrome
ICD9CM:593.81
NCI:C35338
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:16934004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:197814004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266559003
UMLS_CUI:C0268790
vascular disorder of kidney
disease_ontology
DOID:2388
renal vascular disease
A disposition that an aneurysm disorder will lead to pathological processes.
DOID label 'aneurysm disease' changed for homogeneization purpose in CVDO.
A vascular disease that is characterized by a localized, blood-filled balloon-like bulge in the wall of a blood vessel.
ICD9CM:442.9
MSH:D000783
NCI:C26693
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:134342004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155425005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155428007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195292009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:362727005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:432119003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:85659009
UMLS_CUI:C0002940
disease_ontology
DOID:2403
aneurysm (disease)
NCI:C35170
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:57534004
UMLS_CUI:C0154833
retina circulation disorder
disease_ontology
DOID:2462
retinal vascular disease
MSH:D020252
NCI:C84724
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:412795008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:43935004
UMLS_CUI:C0267211
Watermelon stomach (disorder)
gastric antral vascular ectasia (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:2493
gastric antral vascular ectasia
DOID:12071
MSH:D016888
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:71072006
UMLS_CUI:C0085411
UMLS_CUI:C0156091
angiodysplasia of stomach and duodenum with hemorrhage
disease_ontology
DOID:2494
angiodysplasia
NCI:C5432
UMLS_CUI:C1334237
intracranial Cavernoma
disease_ontology
DOID:2516
intracranial cavernous angioma
ICD9CM:228.02
NCI:C3633
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:189196005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:93468003
UMLS_CUI:C0154050
Angioma of intracranial Structure
hemangioma of intracranial structure (disorder)
hemangioma of intracranial structures
hemangioma of intracranial structures (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:2517
intracranial structure hemangioma
ICD9CM:228.04
NCI:C3635
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:189197001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:93467008
UMLS_CUI:C0154052
hemangioma of intra-abdominal structure (disorder)
hemangioma of intra-abdominal structures
hemangioma of intra-abdominal structures (disorder)
hemangioma, Intra-abdominal
disease_ontology
DOID:254
hemangioma of intra-abdominal structure
ICD9CM:228.0
ICD9CM:228.00
MSH:D006391
NCI:C3085
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:154625006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:189192007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:189193002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:189194008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:189199003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:189863005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:2099007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:253053003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:254822005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:269646001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:367337005
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:400210000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:93474003
UMLS_CUI:C0018916
disease_ontology
DOID:255
hemangioma
MSH:D020293
NCI:C34653
UMLS_CUI:C0018202
disease_ontology
DOID:2555
granulomatous angiitis
NCI:C3869
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:235879002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:93469006
UMLS_CUI:C0238246
Angioma of Liver
hepatic angioma (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:271
hemangioma of liver
NCI:C35442
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:235878005
UMLS_CUI:C0400923
vascular disorder of liver (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:272
hepatic vascular disease
MSH:D001157
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:2929001
UMLS_CUI:C0003838
Arterial occlusive disease
disease_ontology
DOID:2868
arterial occlusive disease
MSH:D012078
UMLS_CUI:C0035066
renal artery obstruction
disease_ontology
DOID:2972
renal artery obstruction
A vasculitits that is systemic vasculitis realized as blood vessel inflammation and has_symptom asthma along with hay fever, rash and gastrointestinal bleeding.
MSH:C531653
MSH:D015267
NCI:C34481
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195362002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:82275008
UMLS_CUI:C0008728
Allergic Granulomatous Angiitis
Allergic granulomatosis angiitis (disorder)
Churg-Strauss vasculitis
disease_ontology
DOID:3049
Churg-Strauss syndrome
MSH:D002573
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:413577001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:54995001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:95409006
UMLS_CUI:C0007856
Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome due to cervical rib
disease_ontology
DOID:3102
cervical rib syndrome
MSH:D013901
NCI:C85188
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:128210009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:193106006
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:193107002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:193108007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:2040007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:212769008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:393578000
UMLS_CUI:C0039984
TOS - Thoracic outlet syndrome
disease_ontology
DOID:3103
thoracic outlet syndrome
An ischemia occurring in the spinal cord.
MSH:D020760
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:371029002
UMLS_CUI:C0752130
Ischaemic disorder of spinal cord
disease_ontology
DOID:324
spinal cord ischemia
MSH:D020758
UMLS_CUI:C0752127
disease_ontology
DOID:325
spinal cord vascular disease
A pathological process of restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen and glucose needed for cellular metabolism.
MSH:D007511
NCI:C34738
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:52674009
UMLS_CUI:C0022116
ischemia
disease_ontology
DOID:326
ischemia
ICD9CM:414.11
MSH:D003323
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:373139003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:50570003
UMLS_CUI:C0010051
Aneurysm of coronary vessels
Aneurysmal lesion of coronary artery
Arteriovenous aneurysm of coronary vessels
disease_ontology
DOID:3362
coronary aneurysm
coronary aneurysm disease
ICD9CM:414.0
MSH:D003324
NCI:C35505
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155315001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155316000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194795001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194841001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266231003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266290000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:41702007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:53741008
UMLS_CUI:C0010054
disease_ontology
DOID:3363
coronary arteriosclerosis
An ischemic heart disease with narrowing of the coronary arteries.
MSH:D003327
NCI:C26732
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:41702007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:53741008
UMLS_CUI:C0010068
CHD (coronary heart disease)
CHD - Coronary heart disease
Coronary disease
disease_ontology
DOID:3393
coronary heart disease
A disease characterized by reduced blood supply to the heart, occasioning pathological processes in the heart.
An extrinsic cardiomyopathy that is characterized by reduced blood supply to the cardiac muscles.
DOID:10506
DOID:9420
ICD9CM:410-414.99
ICD9CM:414.9
MSH:D017202
NCI:C50625
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155303000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155315001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155318004
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:155322009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194795001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194852007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:194878003
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195540001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:233822007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:2610009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266290000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:266291001
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:271430002
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:32598000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:413838009
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:413844008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:414545008
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:414795007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:41702007
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:84537008
UMLS_CUI:C0151744
UMLS_CUI:C0264694
chronic myocardial ischaemia
myocardial ischemia
disease_ontology
DOID:3394
ischemic heart disease
MSH:D002340
NCI:C84476
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:371160000
UMLS_CUI:C0007273
disorder of carotid artery (disorder)
disease_ontology
DOID:3407
carotid artery disease
ICD9CM:443.81
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195624006
UMLS_CUI:C0031115
disease_ontology
DOID:341
peripheral vascular disease
A thrombosis occurring in a carotid artery.
MSH:D002341
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:195181000
SNOMEDCT_2010_1_31:86003009
UMLS_CUI:C0007274
Carotid artery thrombosis
Carotid artery thrombosis (disorder)
disease_ontology